What happens if you eat raw jackfruit?

Quick Answers

Eating raw jackfruit is generally considered safe, but some people may experience digestive issues like bloating, gas, or diarrhea. The seeds and latex in unripe jackfruit can cause more significant side effects. Fully ripe jackfruit is sweeter and easier to digest raw.

Is It Safe to Eat Raw Jackfruit?

Jackfruit is a popular fruit in tropical regions that can be eaten raw or cooked. When ripe, the flesh turns yellow or orange and tastes sweet and fruity. Unripe jackfruit has green, rubbery flesh with a bland taste.

Most people can safely eat ripe jackfruit raw with minimal issues. However, some sources advise caution with raw unripe jackfruit due to potential digestive symptoms:

  • Bloating or abdominal discomfort
  • Excessive gas or flatulence
  • Diarrhea or loose stools

These effects are more likely if you eat unripe jackfruit in large quantities. They occur because raw unripe jackfruit contains complex carbs and fiber that are hard to digest.

Ripe jackfruit, on the other hand, contains natural sugars like fructose and sucrose that are easier for your body to break down and absorb.

Risks of Jackfruit Seeds and Latex

In addition to the flesh, jackfruit seeds and latex pose potential risks if consumed raw:

  • Seeds – contain compounds called lectins that can cause nausea, diarrhea, and cramping if eaten raw in excess.
  • Latex – the sticky, milky substance in jackfruit can irritate the throat and cause digestive issues if consumed.

Thoroughly cooking seeds and removing latex prior to eating reduces these risks.

Benefits of Eating Ripe Jackfruit Raw

While unripe jackfruit is more difficult to digest raw, ripe jackfruit offers several health benefits in its raw form:

  • Fiber – jackfruit contains 1.5g of fiber per 100g. Fiber supports healthy digestion and bowel movements.
  • Vitamin C – raw jackfruit provides 18mg of vitamin C per 100g. Vitamin C boosts immunity and acts as an antioxidant.
  • Potassium – with over 400mg per 100g, jackfruit is considered a high potassium fruit. Potassium regulates fluid balance and heart function.
  • Phytonutrients – raw jackfruit contains compounds like lignans and saponins that have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.

By eating the fruit raw, you retain most of these nutrients that can degrade during the cooking process.

Preparing and Eating Raw Jackfruit

Follow these tips for enjoying jackfruit raw:

  • Choose fruits with a strong fruity aroma and golden-yellow flesh. Unripe fruits won’t taste as sweet.
  • Cut off the tough rind using a large knife. Pry apart the fruit into bulb-like segments.
  • Remove the core and seeds, which are inedible raw. Also discard any latex.
  • Rinse segments in cool water before eating to remove any remaining latex.
  • Cut raw jackfruit into slices, chunks, or cubes. Add to fruit salads, chia pudding, overnight oats, or yogurt.
  • Store cut jackfruit in an airtight container in the refrigerator for up to 3 days.

Who Should Avoid Raw Jackfruit?

While raw ripe jackfruit is generally safe for most people, certain individuals should exercise caution or avoid it altogether:

  • Those with latex allergy – jackfruit contains latex, so those with a latex allergy may react to the raw fruit.
  • People with fructose malabsorption – jackfruit contains fructose that malabsorbers cannot properly digest.
  • Those taking blood thinners – jackfruit may boost blood-clotting in theory, posing problems for those on blood thinners.
  • Irritable bowel diseases – Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis patients may see jackfruit aggravate their condition.
  • Infants – jackfruit is not recommended for babies under 12 months due to digestive difficulties.

In these cases, it’s better to avoid raw jackfruit or at least consult your healthcare provider first.

Ripening and Cutting Raw Jackfruit

Follow these tips to ripen and prepare raw jackfruit safely:


  • Leave unripe jackfruit at room temperature to ripen over 2-4 days. The rind will turn yellow or brown.
  • Place unripe fruit in a paper bag or wrapped in newspaper to accelerate ripening.
  • Add a ripe banana, apple, or avocado to the bag to increase ethylene production.
  • Once ripe, store jackfruit in the refrigerator for up to 1 week.

Cutting Open

  • Before cutting, rub your hands with vegetable oil to prevent latex sticking.
  • Use a sharp knife to slice off the tough rind first.
  • Cut into the fruit, separating the bulbs from the core.
  • Trim away the core and pull out the seeds and any latex threads.
  • Rinse off remaining latex under cool water.

Wear gloves if you have a latex allergy when handling raw jackfruit.

Common Side Effects of Eating Raw Jackfruit

These are the most common adverse effects reported from consuming raw unripe jackfruit:

1. Digestive Issues

Raw jackfruit contains fructose polymers and insoluble fiber that may irritate the digestive tract in some people. Symptoms like gas, bloating, cramping, and diarrhea may occur after eating large portions.

2. Food Intolerance

The starch and fiber in raw jackfruit are difficult for some people to digest properly. This can lead to an intolerance response with gastrointestinal effects.

3. Allergic Reactions

Raw jackfruit contains latex, which can trigger allergic reactions similar to latex allergy. Symptoms include itching, swelling, and difficulty breathing in severe cases.

4. Hypoglycemia

Raw jackfruit may suddenly lower blood sugar levels, possibly causing hypoglycemia in diabetics. This is due to its high sugar content.

5. Vitamin B6 Deficiency

Raw jackfruit contains phytonutrients that may disrupt vitamin B6 absorption and metabolism long-term, potentially causing deficiency.

Can You Eat Jackfruit Raw Without Ripe?

Unripe jackfruit can be eaten raw, but it will have different properties than the ripe fruit:

  • The flesh is green and rubbery, not sweet and soft.
  • It contains lectins, tannins, and protease inhibitors that get destroyed during ripening.
  • The starches are not converted to sugars, making digestion more difficult.
  • The flavor is bland and starchy instead of tropical and fruity.
  • Unripe latex and seeds may exacerbate digestive issues if consumed.

While not necessarily toxic, these compounds make raw unripe jackfruit harder for many people to digest comfortably. Ripe jackfruit is sweeter and easier to eat raw.

Jackfruit Digestion Problems

The high fiber content and naturally occurring compounds in jackfruit can cause the following digestion problems in some individuals:

Bloating and Gas

Raw jackfruit contains oligosaccharides that our bodies cannot fully break down. This undigested fiber gets fermented by gut bacteria, producing excess gas.


Fructose sugars draw water into the intestines. Meanwhile, insoluble fiber adds bulk. Together, these jackfruit components can loosen stools and cause diarrhea.

Cramps and Pain

If jackfruit is eaten in large amounts, the high fiber content may form a rock-like ball in the intestines. This can cause intense cramps or pain.


For some people, the dietary fiber in jackfruit has a constipating effect. The soluble fiber absorbs water and turns stools hard and difficult to pass.

Food Intolerance

In rare cases, compounds in jackfruit may trigger an intolerance response in sensitive individuals. Symptoms like vomiting, stomach pain, and diarrhea can occur after eating it.

How to Prevent Jackfruit Digestion Issues

You can take these steps to minimize digestion problems from raw jackfruit:

  • Start with small serving sizes, like 1⁄2 cup cubes.
  • Drink plenty of water to aid digestion and fiber absorption.
  • Eat ripe jackfruit only since it contains more digestible sugars.
  • Spread out jackfruit intake throughout the day versus eating large amounts at once.
  • Avoid consuming seeds or latex, which are harder to digest.
  • Slowly integrate jackfruit into your diet to assess tolerance.
  • Avoid raw jackfruit if you have an underlying gastrointestinal condition.

Letting jackfruit fully ripen, removing seeds/latex, and moderating portions are simple ways to make it easier on your digestive system.

What Do You Do If You Eat Too Much Jackfruit?

If you overindulge in raw jackfruit, here are some remedies to lessen digestion problems:

  • Drink extra fluids like water, broths, or electrolyte drinks.
  • Take digestive enzymes or over-the-counter medicines like Gas-X.
  • Eat bland foods like rice, bananas, or applesauce.
  • Limit high-fiber foods for 1-2 days.
  • Apply a heating pad to the abdomen for cramp relief.
  • Get abdominal massages to help expel trapped gas.
  • Take probiotic supplements to support gut bacteria.

Symptoms should resolve within 12-24 hours once jackfruit passes through your system. See a doctor if problems persist beyond 48 hours.

How Much Raw Jackfruit Is Safe Per Day?

There are no official recommendations for raw jackfruit intake limits. However, the following general daily serving guidelines are suggested:

  • 1⁄2 to 1 cup of raw jackfruit pieces
  • No more than 140g or ~5 ounces by weight
  • 1⁄4 to 1⁄2 whole fruit bulb pieces
  • Limit portion to size of one cupped handful

Consuming more than about 1 cup of raw jackfruit per day, especially with seeds/latex, may increase risks of digestive upset and flatulence. Moderating intake enables your body to adjust to jackfruit’s effects.


Raw jackfruit can be safely enjoyed in moderation, especially once the fruit becomes sweet and ripe. While raw unripe jackfruit is not toxic, its digestive effects may cause issues like stomach pain or diarrhea at high doses. Practices like removing seeds, cooking thoroughly, and portion control allow you to reap its nutritional benefits without adverse side effects.

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