# How many cups of rice are in 1kg?

Rice is a staple food for nearly half of the world’s population. Understanding rice quantities and portion sizes is important for recipe creation and meal planning. A common question many home cooks have is how many cups of rice are in 1 kilogram (kg). The answer depends on the type of rice, how it is measured, and the measuring cups used.

As a quick answer, here are the approximate cup equivalents for 1kg of some common types of rice:

• Long grain white rice: 7-8 cups
• Basmati rice: 7-8 cups
• Jasmine rice: 7-8 cups
• Arborio rice: 6-7 cups
• Short grain brown rice: 6-7 cups
• Wild rice: 4-5 cups

However, cup measurements can vary greatly depending on the type of cup used and how the rice is measured. Keep reading for more details.

## Measuring Rice by Weight vs Volume

Rice can be measured either by weight (grams/kilograms) or by volume (cups, liters). However, weight measurements are more precise since rice volumes can vary greatly depending on factors like:

• Rice variety – Long, medium or short grain
• Processing – Brown or white rice
• Cooking method – Absorption ratios differ across cooking methods
• Measuring method – Packed cups, scooped cups, sifted rice

For example, 1 cup of long grain rice won’t weigh the same as 1 cup of short grain rice. And 1 packed cup of rice will contain more rice than 1 lightly scooped cup.

That’s why nutrition information and recipes specify rice amounts in grams/kilograms rather than cups. Grams provide a standardized, consistent measurement.

## Factors Affecting Cup Yield from 1kg Rice

Several factors account for the wide cup yield range when converting 1kg of rice to cups:

### Rice Variety

The rice variety affects cup yield because rice kernels come in different shapes, sizes and densities. For example:

• Long grain rice like basmati and jasmine has long, slender kernels that are less dense, resulting in a higher cup yield per kg.
• Short grain rice like arborio has short, plump, almost round kernels that are more dense and take up less space per kg.
• Brown rice takes up more volume per kg than white rice since the bran layers add bulk.

### Processing Method

Processing method also impacts density. During the milling process to create white rice:

• The outer bran layer is removed
• Rice kernels get polished to remove germ and bran
• This makes rice kernels smaller and more dense

As a result, brown rice takes up more cup space per kg compared to polished white rice varieties.

### Cooking Method

The cooking method affects absorption ratios, resulting in varying yields. For example:

• 1 cup raw rice yields about 2 cups cooked for most stove top methods
• 1 cup raw rice yields almost 3 cups cooked when preparing rice in a rice cooker
• Therefore, cooked rice takes up more cup space per kg compared to uncooked

### Measuring Method

The measuring method also greatly impacts cup yield per kg. For example:

• Packed cups: Pressing rice firmly into the cup results in more rice per cup volume. 7-8 packed cups per kg is common.
• Lightly scooped cups: Scooping rice into a cup without packing gives a lower cup yield of around 5-6 cups per kg.
• Sifted rice: Pouring rice into a cup through a sieve gives the lowest yield – around 4-5 cups per kg.

## Standard Cup, Legal Cup, or Nutritional Label Cup?

The type of “cup” used also causes variation in how many cups of rice come from 1kg. There are three common “cup” sizes used:

• Standard Measuring Cup: This is the most common – holding 240ml or 8 fluid ounces of volume. A standard cup is 16 tablespoons.
• Legal Cup: Some U.S. states define a legal cup as 8 fluid ounces, which is 237ml. This is slightly smaller than a standard cup.
• Nutritional Label Cup: Nutrition labels on rice packages in the U.S. define a serving size as 1/4 cup dry rice. However, the cups they use are smaller – just 177ml versus the typical 240ml cup.

Since the nutritional label cup is about 3/4 the size of a standard cup, this further changes the conversion math. So pay attention to which cup definition is being used on rice packaging or in recipes.

## Cup Conversions for Common Rice Varieties

Here is a more detailed look at cup yield ranges for 1kg of some popular rice types:

### Long Grain White Rice

• Basmati: 7-8 standard cups, lightly scooped
• Jasmine: 7-8 standard cups, lightly scooped
• Long grain Carolina: 7-8 standard cups, lightly scooped
• converted white rice: 7-8 standard cups, lightly scooped

### Medium Grain White Rice

• Arborio: 6-7 standard cups, lightly scooped
• Calrose: 6-8 standard cups, lightly scooped

### Short Grain White Rice

• Glutinous sweet rice: 6-7 standard cups, lightly scooped
• Sushi rice: 6-7 standard cups, lightly scooped

### Brown Rice

• Long grain brown: 6-7 standard cups, lightly scooped
• Short grain brown: 5-6 standard cups, lightly scooped
• Wild rice: 4-5 standard cups, lightly scooped

### Rice Size Comparison Chart

Here is a visual comparison of some common rice varieties and their relative kernel sizes:

Rice Type Grain Size
Long grain white Long, slender
Basmati Extra long, slender
Jasmine Long, slender
Arborio (medium) Short, plump
Short grain brown Short, round
Wild rice Long, uneven

As shown, longer grain rice like basmati and jasmine have lower density and higher cup yield per kg compared to short, round types like arborio.

## Table Summarizing Cups per kg Estimates for Rice

For quick reference, here is a table summarizing the typical cup yield range for 1 kg of common rice varieties:

Rice Type Cups per 1kg
Long grain white 7-8 standard cups
Basmati 7-8 standard cups
Jasmine 7-8 standard cups
Arborio (medium grain) 6-7 standard cups
Short grain brown 5-6 standard cups
Wild rice (long uneven grain) 4-5 standard cups

Keep in mind that the actual cup measurements can vary based on the measuring method (packed vs scooped), type of cup used, and other factors as explained above.

## Weight to Volume Conversions for Common Rice Types

Here are some more precise weight to volume conversions for specific rice varieties:

### Long Grain White Rice

• 1kg basmati rice = 6.5-7 cups (240ml cups), lightly scooped
• 1kg jasmine rice = 6.5-7.5 cups (240ml cups), lightly scooped
• 1kg long grain Carolina = 7-7.5 cups (240ml cups), lightly scooped

### Medium Grain Rice

• 1kg Arborio rice = 5.5-6 cups (240ml cups), lightly scooped
• 1kg Calrose rice = 6-7 cups (240ml cups), lightly scooped

### Short Grain Rice

• 1kg sushi rice = 5.5-6.5 cups (240ml cups), lightly scooped
• 1kg glutinous sweet rice = 6-7 cups (240ml cups), lightly scooped

### Brown Rice

• 1kg long grain brown rice = 5.5-6.5 cups (240ml cups), lightly scooped
• 1kg short grain brown rice = 4.5-5.5 cups (240ml cups), lightly scooped

Again, keep in mind that these volume conversions are approximations. Exact yields can vary based on the factors discussed above.

## Weight Conversions

For consistency, most recipes specify rice amounts by weight instead of volume. Here are some common weight conversions:

• 1 pound (lb) rice = 450g rice
• 1 kilogram (kg) rice = 2.2 pounds (lb) rice
• 1 ounce (oz) rice = 28g rice

Knowing these conversions allows you to substitute weights for volumes in recipes. For example, if a recipe calls for 2 cups of uncooked basmati rice, you can substitute 290g by looking up that 1 cup basmati weighs around 145g.

## Tips for Measuring Rice

Here are some tips when working with rice measurements in recipes:

• Weigh rice for most accuracy, then use a volume conversion chart as needed
• Use the same cup and method – packed, scooped, sifted cups
• Level cups for consistency using a flat edge
• Tap cup to settle rice when scooping method used
• Grind rice if measuring semi-milled varieties to account for broken grains
• Buy a rice cup designed to hold 150ml or 180ml rice specifically

## Cooking Times for DifferentVolumes of Rice

Understanding how rice cup measurements affect cooking is also helpful. Here are some guidelines for stove top cooking times based on volumes of dry rice:

Uncooked Rice Amount Approximate Cook Time
1 cup 16-18 minutes
2 cups 18-20 minutes
3 cups 22-25 minutes
4 cups 25-30 minutes
6 cups 30-35 minutes

As shown, increased volumes of rice require longer cook times. Using too much water too can result in mushy overcooked rice.

## Following Package Instructions

For foolproof results, follow the preparation instructions on rice package labels which provide:

• Precise rice to water ratios (usually 1:2 for white and 1:3 for brown rice)
• Suggested cook times based on volumes
• Directions for absorption method or pasta method
• Tips for different appliances like rice cookers

Pay attention to the specific cup size (180ml) referenced and whether cook times are based on soaked or unsoaked rice.

## Conclusion

Understanding how much dry rice fits into a cup, and how many cups come from 1kg of rice, is key for accurate meal planning. On average, 1kg of most white rice varieties equals 6 to 8 cups. But the actual yield varies based on the rice variety, processing method, measuring technique and cup definition. For most accuracy, weigh rice by grams instead of using volume measures. When working with cups, be consistent in your technique and use package directions for cook times and rice-to-water ratios.