Are store bought egg noodles gluten free?

Egg noodles are a popular pasta choice for many home cooks and restaurants. They have a rich, eggy flavor that pairs well with sauces and other ingredients. For people with celiac disease or gluten sensitivity, a key question is whether store bought egg noodles are gluten free. Understanding the ingredients in different egg noodle varieties can help determine if they are safe to eat on a gluten free diet.

The Gluten Content of Egg Noodles

Gluten is a protein found in wheat, barley and rye. It helps give bread and pasta their structure and chewy texture. People with celiac disease or non-celiac gluten sensitivity experience digestive and other symptoms when they eat gluten. For their health, it is essential to avoid foods containing gluten.

Traditional egg noodles are made from wheat flour. Since wheat contains gluten, most standard egg noodles are not gluten free. There are some specialty options made from alternate flours, such as rice flour or tapioca starch, that produce gluten free egg noodles. But the regular egg noodles sold in most grocery stores do contain gluten.

Common Sources of Gluten in Egg Noodles

There are a few primary sources of gluten typically found in conventional egg noodles:

  • Wheat Flour – Most egg noodles are made from wheat flour, which naturally contains gluten.
  • Semolina Flour – This coarse, granular wheat flour is also common in fresh egg pasta dough.
  • Durum Wheat Flour – Some packaged dried egg noodles include durum flour, another gluten containing wheat.
  • Barley – Barley is occasionally added to give a darker color and grainier texture.

Unless the egg noodles are specifically produced to be gluten free, one or more of these ingredients are likely to be present.

What Makes Egg Noodles Gluten Free

In order for an egg noodle to be gluten free, it must be made without any gluten containing grains. There are a few ways this can be accomplished:

  • Using a gluten free flour instead of wheat flour. Common options include rice flour, tapioca starch, potato starch or chickpea flour.
  • Substituting xanthan gum or guar gum to add structure in the absence of gluten.
  • Including enzymes like amylase to improve the texture.
  • Using alternate grains like corn, quinoa or buckwheat that are naturally gluten free.

Essentially, the wheat flour must be replaced with flours and starches from gluten free sources. This provides the taste and noodle-like texture without the problematic gluten protein. Care must also be taken to use gluten free versions of other ingredients like salt, eggs and seasoning.

Reading Egg Noodle Ingredient Lists

The best way to evaluate whether a product contains gluten or not is to carefully read the ingredient list printed on the packaging.

Look for words like wheat flour, semolina, durum and barley. Anyegg noodles listing these are not gluten free and should be avoided if you are maintaining a gluten free diet due to celiac or an allergy. Terms like wheat starch, malt and rye also indicate the presence of gluten.

Acceptable gluten free flour and starch sources include rice, corn, potato, tapioca, buckwheat, millet, amaranth, arrowroot, chia seed, coconut, almond and garbanzo bean. Oat flour may be tolerated by some who are gluten free but should be consumed with caution due to cross-contamination concerns.

Ideally, choose an egg noodle product that is certified gluten free by an independent organization. These seals indicate the product has been tested to verify gluten free status.

Watch Out for Cross-Contamination

Even egg noodles made without gluten containing ingredients could potentially contain trace amounts of gluten due to cross-contamination. This occurs when gluten-free foods come into contact with gluten.

Some potential ways cross-contamination could occur include:

  • Being produced on shared equipment with other wheat-based pasta
  • Use of a shared production facility
  • Shared storage areas
  • Errors in sourcing gluten free flour

For very sensitive individuals, even tiny amounts can cause issues. Seeking out brands validated as gluten free and processed in dedicated gluten free facilities provides extra assurance.

Are Store Bought Egg Noodles Healthy?

Beyond gluten content, store bought egg noodles can vary in their overall nutrition profile. Here is how they generally compare health-wise to other pasta options:


  • Protein – Egg noodles typically contain more protein than regular pasta thanks to egg in the ingredient list. This makes them more filling and satisfying.
  • Vitamins – Added egg yolks contribute vitamin A, vitamin B12 and other nutrients not found in plain wheat noodles.
  • Fiber – Those made with alternate gluten free flours may have more fiber than traditional wheat noodles.


  • Carbs – Like most pasta, egg noodles are high in carbohydrates with little fiber. This causes a spike in blood sugar.
  • Fat – Whole egg versions are higher in fat and cholesterol compared to pasta without eggs.
  • Sodium – Many packaged egg noodles contain added salt and preservatives.

Overall, egg noodles are fine in moderation as part of a balanced diet. But they lack the nutrients of less processed whole grains and vegetables.

Do Egg Noodles Have Wheat?

The vast majority of conventional egg noodles contain wheat as a main ingredient. Durum wheat semolina is typically used to prepare the pasta dough. Some also incorporate all-purpose wheat flour.

However, there are gluten free egg noodle options made without wheat for people with celiac disease or wheat allergies. Instead, they utilize alternate options like rice flour, tapioca starch or quinoa flour to recreate the texture of wheat noodles.

Checking the ingredients list is the best way to determine if a product contains wheat. Gluten free labeling and certification provides added assurance for sensitive individuals. But in most cases, traditional egg noodles do contain sources of wheat.

Common Egg Noodle Brands

Here is an overview of some popular brand options for egg noodles, including whether they are gluten/wheat free:


  • Contains wheat and gluten
  • Not gluten free


  • Contains wheat and gluten
  • Not gluten free


  • Contains wheat and gluten
  • Not gluten free


  • Contains wheat and gluten
  • Not gluten free


  • Offers wheat/gluten free egg noodles
  • Certified gluten free options available

As these examples demonstrate, mainstream brands like Barilla and Ronzoni are not gluten or wheat free. Specialty brands like DeLallo have options that are certified gluten free for people who need them.

Are Fresh Egg Noodles Gluten Free?

Fresh egg noodles purchased from the refrigerated section of grocery stores or specialty pasta shops generally contain gluten. Key points:

  • Typically include wheat flour as the main ingredient
  • Often incorporate semolina flour
  • Not formulated to be gluten free
  • Higher risk of cross-contamination from equipment

Fresh pasta made entirely from scratch using gluten free flours could potentially be gluten free. But exercise caution with fresh egg noodles from unknown sources, as they likely contain gluten based on traditional recipes.

Can You Make Gluten Free Egg Noodles?

It is possible to make homemade egg noodles that are gluten free. This requires substituting the wheat flour in traditional recipes with alternate gluten free flours. Some examples include:

  • Rice flour
  • Tapioca flour
  • Potato starch
  • Chickpea flour
  • Buckwheat flour

Typically xanthan gum or guar gum is also added to help replicate the texture and binding properties of gluten. Extras like garlic powder, onion powder and nutmeg can add flavor.

Making egg noodles completely from scratch allows control over all ingredients. But it does take some trial and error to adapt recipes and achieve the proper consistency.

Are Gluten Free Egg Noodles Healthy?

Compared to traditional wheat-based pasta, gluten free egg noodles made with alternate flours and starches have some differences nutritionally:


  • Often higher in fiber due to ingredients like quinoa or chickpea flour
  • Contain protein from added eggs
  • No harmful effects for those with gluten intolerance or celiac disease
  • Can be prepared from organic ingredients


  • Higher glycemic index in some varieties, like those with tapioca starch
  • Potentially more processed than wheat pasta depending on ingredients
  • Possible cross-contamination with gluten

On the whole, gluten free egg noodles can be a good alternative in moderation for those eliminating gluten. But they should be combined with plenty of vegetables, lean protein and other nourishing foods for balanced nutrition.

Are There Any Risks With Gluten Free Egg Noodles?

Here are some potential downsides associated with gluten free egg noodle consumption:

  • Nutrition – May be more refined and contain less vitamins and minerals than wheat pasta
  • Blood Sugar – Can cause spikes due to high glycemic index, especially varieties with tapioca starch
  • Cross-Contamination – Risk of trace gluten exposure from manufacturing issues
  • Food Sensitivities – Allergies or intolerances possible to alternate ingredients like rice, legumes, corn or eggs

Following a totally gluten free diet long-term without medical necessity may also increase risks compared to a diet containing whole grains. Some fiber, vitamins and phytochemicals are lacking in gluten free products.

Those with celiac disease should work with a dietitian to ensure nutritional needs are met with careful gluten free food choices, including pastas.

Are Egg Noodles Dairy Free?

Most egg noodles do not actually contain dairy ingredients. Some potential sources of dairy to watch for include:

  • Whole milk – Sometimes used in fresh pasta dough
  • Butter – Occasionally incorporated for flavor
  • Cheese – Some flavored egg noodles have cheese powder
  • Cross-contamination – From shared equipment with dairy-based foods

Always carefully read ingredient lists, as dairy is almost never inherent to basic egg noodle recipes. Those following vegan or dairy free diets due to allergies should look for noodles with clear labeling about being dairy free.

Top Egg Noodle Recipes

Here are some tasty recipe ideas for enjoying egg noodles:

Chicken Noodle Soup

The quintessential comfort food, chicken noodle soup is simple and satisfying. Simmer egg noodles in broth with chicken, vegetables and seasonings.

Beef Stroganoff

Tender beef in a creamy gravy served over buttered egg noodles. Mushrooms, onions and a dash of paprika add fabulous flavor.

Macaroni and Cheese

Cheesy baked pasta with egg noodles provides a satisfying carb-loaded meal. Add fun mix-ins like bacon or jalapenos for extra appeal.

Pad Thai

Rice noodles are traditionally used, but egg noodles make a flavorful gluten free Pad Thai option. Toss with chicken, shrimp, peanuts, lime and Thai spices.

Eggs and Noodles

An easy breakfast or light dinner. Sauté veggies like peppers and spinach. Add cooked egg noodles and scramble in eggs. Season with garlic, herbs and Parmesan.

Egg Noodle Shopping Tips

If you are looking to purchase egg noodles, keep these tips in mind:

  • Check the ingredients carefully for wheat or gluten if avoiding.
  • Look for gluten free labeling or certification symbols if needed.
  • Compare brands for added sugars, salt and fat. Aim for less processed options.
  • For fresh pasta, inquire directly about gluten free status.
  • Stick to mainstream brands to reduce risk of gluten cross-contamination.
  • Look for added vitamins and minerals for bonus nutrition.
  • Watch out for unwanted add-ins like dairy, preservatives or artificial coloring.


Egg noodles can be a tasty gluten free option but require caution and careful label reading. Most mainstream egg noodle brands contain gluten and wheat. Checking for certified gluten free alternatives provides assurance for gluten sensitive individuals.

When homemade fresh, egg noodles can be prepared from gluten free flours for those avoiding gluten. Modifying traditional recipes helps recreate the texture and binding properties of wheat-based pasta.

Egg noodles should be enjoyed in moderation as part of a healthy diet. They lack the fiber and nutrients found in less processed whole foods. But they can be an occasional part of balanced gluten free meal when following a carefully planned diet.

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