How many cups is 1 kg flour in Australia?

Flour is a pantry staple used in baking and cooking. When following recipes, it’s important to accurately measure flour to achieve the right texture and consistency. Recipes may call for flour by weight (grams/kilograms) or volume (cups). So how many cups are in 1 kg of flour in Australia?


In Australia, 1 kg of flour is approximately 8 cups. However, the exact cup measure can vary slightly depending on the type of flour and how the flour is measured. Here is a summary:

  • 1 kg all-purpose flour = About 8 cups
  • 1 kg self-raising flour = About 8 cups
  • 1 kg bread flour = About 7 1/2 cups
  • 1 kg whole wheat flour = About 9 cups

These cup conversions are based on the most common 250 mL (metric) measuring cup used in Australia. When measuring flour, it’s important to loosely spoon it into the cup and level off the top. Packing the flour tightly or sifting it will yield more cups per kg.

Factors That Affect Flour-to-Cup Conversions

Several factors impact how many cups are in 1 kg of flour:

  • Type of flour – All-purpose, cake, self-raising, and bread flours are more densely packed than whole wheat. So 1 kg of all-purpose yields fewer cups than 1 kg of whole wheat.
  • Sifting – Sifted flour takes up more volume per weight. 1 kg of sifted flour will be more cups than 1 kg of unsifted.
  • Measuring method – Lightly spooning flour into a cup and leveling off the top results in fewer cups per kg than packing it tightly.
  • Humidity – Flour absorbs moisture from the air. So 1 kg of flour can become less cups in humid conditions as the flour particles expand.
  • Cup size – Cup sizes vary slightly around the world. The conversions here are based on a 250 mL Australian cup.

Standard Cup-to-Kilogram Conversions

Here are some standard conversions for the most common types of flour in Australia:

All-Purpose Flour

The typical conversion for all-purpose flour is:

  • 1 kg all-purpose flour = 8 cups

All-purpose flour is the most versatile flour for baking. It can be used to make cakes, cookies, pastries, breads, and more. Since it doesn’t contain leaveners like self-raising flour, it requires the addition of baking powder or soda in recipes to make baked goods rise. Approximately 8 lightly spooned and leveled cups of all-purpose flour equals 1 kg.

Self-Raising Flour

For self-raising flour, the standard conversion is:

  • 1 kg self-raising flour = 8 cups

Self-raising flour has added leaveners like baking powder mixed directly into it. This makes it ideal for recipes like scones, muffins, and quick breads that need to rise quickly. It can typically replace all-purpose flour cup-for-cup. Since self-raising and all-purpose flours have similar densities, 1 kg of self-raising is also about 8 cups.

Bread Flour

For bread flour, the typical conversion is:

  • 1 kg bread flour = 7 1/2 cups

Bread flour has a higher protein content than all-purpose. The extra gluten-forming proteins give more structure and rise to yeast breads. It results in chewier textures. Since bread flour is more densely packed than all-purpose, 1 kg equals about 7 1/2 cups.

Whole Wheat Flour

For whole wheat flour, the standard conversion is:

  • 1 kg whole wheat flour = 9 cups

Whole wheat flour contains the entire wheat berry including the bran and germ. This makes it lower in density and lighter in texture than all-purpose. To accurately measure it, you need more cups per kilogram. Approximately 9 lightly spooned cups of whole wheat flour equals 1 kg.

Metric Measuring Cups in Australia

In Australia, the most common type of measuring cup used is the 250 mL metric measuring cup. Here are some key facts about 250 mL cups:

  • 1 cup = 250 mL exactly
  • 4 cups = 1 L exactly
  • 16 cups = 1 kg water

So when converting between grams and cups for flour, these Australian 250 mL metric cups are the standard unit of measurement.

Weight Versus Volume for Accuracy

While the cup conversions provide general guidelines, measuring flour by weight instead of volume provides the most accuracy:

  • Weight measurements are precise for flour since they don’t vary batch to batch.
  • Volume measurements can vary based on flour settling, packing, humidity, sifting, and the person measuring.
  • Using a kitchen scale ensures your flour measurement stays consistent for reliable baking results.

When precision is especially important like with baking, weighing out flour is recommended over cup measurements. However, the general cup conversions still provide a helpful reference point.

Tips for Measuring Cups of Flour

When you do opt to use cup measurements for flour, here are some tips for consistent results:

  • Use the proper cup size – In Australia, a 250 mL metric cup is standard. Make sure any cup measures are level and not overpacked or underfilled.
  • Spoon and level – Use a spoon to lightly scoop flour into the cup, then level it off with a knife for an accurate measure.
  • Avoid packing – Packing flour into the cup compresses it, resulting in excess flour. Lightly spooning is better.
  • Sift first for aerated flour – Sift flour before measuring to aerate it if desired. But be aware the volume will increase.
  • Measure correctly – When a recipe lists fractions like 1/2 cup, accurately level half of a full cup measure.

Sample Cup to Gram Conversions

Here are some sample conversions for the number of grams in different cup measurements of common flours:

Flour Type Cups Grams
All-purpose 1 cup 128 grams
All-purpose 2 cups 256 grams
Self-raising 1 cup 128 grams
Whole wheat 1 cup 120 grams
Whole wheat 3 cups 360 grams
Bread flour 2 1/2 cups 312 grams

These sample conversions can provide a helpful reference, but keep in mind measurements can vary. Your exact flour weight may differ depending on the factors discussed earlier like humidity, packing, and sifting.

Converting Other Pantry Items from Cups to Grams

In addition to flour, you may need to convert measurements for other dry baking ingredients like:

  • Sugar (white, brown, confectioners)
  • Oats (rolled, steel-cut)
  • Rice (white, brown, arborio)
  • Cornmeal
  • Dried fruits and nuts

The process is the same – loosely spoon ingredients into a dry metric cup measure and level off the top. However, granular ingredients like sugar will have different cup-to-gram conversions than flour because of differences in density.

Refer to the nutrition information panel on packaging or use an online conversion calculator to determine grams of other dry ingredients. When in doubt, check weight equivalents by measuring cups on your kitchen scale for the most accurate results.

Using Cup Measurements in Recipes

Once you know approximately how many cups are in 1 kg of flour, here are some tips for incorporating cup measurements into cooking and baking:

  • When following a recipe by cups, use the exact cup measures specified rather than converting to weights.
  • For convenience, weigh larger batches of flour at one time, then portion into the cups needed.
  • When halving a recipe, carefully measure fractional cup amounts rather than guessing.
  • Use cup measures for quick mixing and combining dry ingredients by hand.
  • Choose weights for very precise recipes when precision is required.

Both cup measurements and gram weights have a place in cooking and baking. Follow the form specified in each individual recipe for the best results.

Common Conversions

Here is a quick reference guide for the most common flour cup-to-gram conversions:

  • 1 kg all-purpose flour = 8 cups
  • 1 kg self-raising flour = 8 cups
  • 1 kg bread flour = 7 1/2 cups
  • 1 kg whole wheat flour = 9 cups

Knowing these conversions can help you substitute different flour types in recipes. However, flour measurements can vary based on density, sifting, humidity, and measuring methods. For total accuracy, weighing flour is best.


In Australia, the standard conversion is that 1 kg of flour equals about 8 cups. However, the exact amount can range from 7-9 cups depending on the flour variety. All-purpose and self-raising flours are denser at 8 cups per kg. Whole wheat is lighter at 9 cups per kg. And bread flour is tightly packed at 7 1/2 cups per kg.

To measure flour by cups precisely, lightly spoon it into dry metric cup measures and level off the top – don’t pack or sift. However, weighing flour on a kitchen scale will provide the most accurate and consistent results. Look at recipe requirements to determine whether volumes cups or weights grams are preferable.

Knowing general flour cup conversions can make it easier to substitute types while baking and compare recipes. With a little practice, measuring flour doesn’t have to be messy or frustrating. Simply stick to the techniques here and you’ll be on your way to baking success.

Leave a Comment