Can you eat an anteater?

Anteaters are unusual looking animals found in Central and South America. With their long snouts, large claws, and tube-like mouths, they have adapted to specialize in consuming ants and termites. While not commonly eaten, anteaters are occasionally hunted in their native habitats as a food source. This article will explore whether it is possible, legal, or advisable to eat anteater meat.

Can You Physically Eat an Anteater?

Physically, there is nothing stopping humans from eating anteater meat. Like any animal, anteaters are made up of edible muscle, fat, and organs. Their meat would have a similar texture and nutritional make-up as other game animals.

Anteaters are not an endangered species so hunting them in a legal, sustainable way is possible. Many cultures in Central and South America already include anteater meat as part of their cuisine. For example, in Brazil stewed anteater is served as a traditional dish.

The giant anteater is the largest species and provides the most substantial amount of meat. A large adult giant anteater can weigh up to 40 pounds. This amount of meat could feed multiple people or provide dozens of servings.

How to Prepare Anteater Meat

Preparing anteater meat is similar to other wild game. It should first be skinned, gutted, and cleaned. Anteater claws are sharp and need to be trimmed off. The meat can then be cooked through roasting, grilling, stewing, or any other preferred method of wild game preparation.

One unique consideration when cooking anteater is singeing off any remaining hair. Like all mammals, anteaters have small fine hairs that may need to be burned off before cooking to avoid unpleasant textures. Beyond this, anteater meat can be prepared like most meats.

Does Anteater Taste Good?

Most accounts describe anteater meat as good, tasty, and flavorful. It is often compared to a combination of pork and wild boar in taste. The meat is lean and high in protein. When stewed for long periods or smoked, it becomes tender. Proper seasoning and cooking helps bring out the best flavors.

Taste Comparisons for Anteater Meat
Lean texture like deer or elk
Flavor similar to pork or wild boar
Smoky and rich when cooked over a fire or smoked

Some people note that anteater has a unique, slightly gamey taste. But if properly prepared, this meat can make tasty steaks, stews, sausage, and other dishes. It offers a nutrient-dense protein source.

Is Eating Anteater Legal?

The regulations around hunting and eating anteater meat depend on the country. In many parts of Central and South America, eating anteater is legal and regulated like any other wild game. For example, in Brazil anteaters are regularly hunted with proper permits.

However, anteaters are also protected in some regions. All four anteater species are listed under CITES Appendix II. This means there are trade restrictions in place to prevent over-exploitation. Most species also have some legal protections in certain countries where their numbers are declining.

In the United States, anteaters are considered an exotic animal.Anyone wishing to hunt, eat, or acquire anteater would need to navigate both federal and state laws relating to the possession, sale, and consumption of exotic wild game. There are typically permits, licensing, and regulation involved.

The regulations around anteater ownership and commercial trade are complex. In the USA and many other countries outside of South America, eating anteater meat would be considered illegal or strictly controlled without going through proper channels.

Is Eating Anteater Ethical?

While eating anteater is legal in parts of Central and South America, there are debates around the ethics of hunting these unusual animals. Some considerations include:

  • Anteater population numbers are declining. Habitat loss and poaching are reducing their numbers, though they are still not technically endangered.
  • Anteaters play important roles in their ecosystems by dispersing seeds and controlling insect populations.
  • All four living anteater species are currently listed under CITES Appendix II meaning there are already concerns around over-hunting and sustainability.
  • Many feel these iconic animals would be better left alone rather than actively hunted for meat.

On the other side, some communities have historically relied on sustainable anteater hunting as part of their culture and food supply. For them, it is an important right and tradition.

There are good ethics arguments on both sides. But the sustainability of the practice is questionable given dwindling anteater populations. At minimum, any hunting should be tightly regulated with hunting limits to prevent endangering these unique animals.

Nutritional Value of Anteater Meat

So what is anteater meat like health and nutrition wise? Here is how it compares to other meats:

Meat (100g portion) Calories Fat (g) Protein (g)
Anteater 132 3.2 25.4
Beef 250 15 26
Chicken 239 15 27
Pork 242 15 27

Looking at the nutritional data, anteater is extremely lean. It has about a third the fat content of beef or other red meats. But it is high in protein, providing 25g per 100g portion.

This makes anteater meat a healthier option compared to fattier meats. For those looking to reduce fat and cholesterol, anteater would be significantly better than beef or pork.

The taste is described as similar to wild game like deer, making it an appealing protein option for health-conscious diners. Those who enjoy venison and other game meats would likely appreciate anteater from a nutritional perspective.

Potential Nutrient Deficiencies

While anteater is lean and high in protein, there are some potential nutritional drawbacks to consider:

  • Lower levels of beneficial fats like omega-3s found in fish and grass-fed animals.
  • Possible lower levels of important vitamins and minerals found more abundantly in beef.
  • Higher wild game risk of parasitic infections if not properly cooked.

These risks can be mitigated by thoroughly cooking the meat, incorporating other diverse food sources in your diet, and being diligent about properly field dressing hunted anteater carcasses.

Overall, anteater meat offers an intriguing lean protein option. But some supplementation may be needed to obtain optimal levels of certain vitamins and healthy fats. Moderation would be key to enjoy anteater meat while ensuring a balanced diet.

Risks and Dangers of Eating Anteater

Along with the nutritional considerations, there are some potential health risks to evaluate around consuming anteater meat:


Trichinosis is a parasite that can infect anteater muscles if they consume infected insect hosts. When the undercooked infected meat is eaten by humans, it can cause trichinosis infection. Properly cooking meat to an internal temperature of 160°F kills any parasites and renders the meat safe.


Toxoplasmosis is another parasitic infection anteater meat can potentially harbor if they consume infected rodents and insects. Again, correct thorough cooking eliminates this risk. Raw or undercooked meat should always be avoided.

Wild Game Disease

Anteaters are wild foraging animals, putting them at higher risk of exposure to dangerous bacteria and viruses compared to farmed animals. Hunters must be extremely careful handling and preparing the meat.


Some people may have allergic reactions to anteater meat, especially those with allergies to distantly related animals like pigs. Care should be taken when first eating anteater to watch for any adverse reactions.

Overall the risks are low if proper care is taken cooking the meat. But they should be considered before deciding to hunt or consume anteater. Those opting to eat anteater need to take precautions around handling, preparation, storage, and cooking.

Where to Buy Anteater Meat

Due to the legal restrictions around hunting and selling anteater meat, it is typically not available for purchase. The only places anteater might be attainable are:

  • In Central or South American markets where it is sold as wild game by approved hunting and trading operations.
  • From regulated exotic meat suppliers that have access to legal imported anteater meat.
  • Directly from anteater hunters in places where it can legally be hunted with proper permits.

For most people, purchasing anteater meat would not be feasible. The closest option would be trying it from a specialty restaurant while travelling where it is served as part of the regional cuisine. Outside of that, options to buy anteater are extremely limited due to the various legal restrictions protecting this species.

Cooking Tips for Anteater

For those lucky enough to have access to cooked anteater meat, here are some tips for bringing out the best flavor:


Use acidic citrus marinades, like lime juice, to help tenderize the meat. Garlic, chili, pepper, vinegar, and wine also make great marinades for anteater.

Slow Cooking

Slow smoked or slow cooked anteater becomes extremely tender. Use a smoker or slow cooker to make the meat succulent.

Spices and Seasonings

Anteater takes well to bold, robust seasoning. Chili peppers, cumin, oregano, salt, pepper, coriander and paprika complement it nicely.

Searing and Sauteeing

Quickly searing the meat locks in the juices. Then slow cook it afterward for the best texture.

Stews and Braises

Slow cooked anteater stews and curries are delicious. This is a great traditional way to prepare it.

With the right prep and seasoning, anteater can be quite tasty. It offers an interesting alternative protein option for the adventurous eater.


Anteater meat is certainly edible, though not necessarily common or easy to find. In areas of Central and South America it is traditionally hunted and consumed as a lean, tasty protein source. There are ethical debates around the sustainability of hunting anteaters given their declining numbers. And outside of South America, laws restrict and regulate anteater meat.

But for those able to access it legally, anteater offers intriguing nutritional benefits as a very lean, protein-packed wild game option. It needs to be thoroughly cooked to prevent any parasitic infections. And care should be taken because of potential allergies. But overall anteater can make a delicious, healthy meat if prepared properly and eaten in moderation as part of balanced diet. It provides a rare and unique protein unlike any other wild game.

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