Is an Oz bigger than a QP?

When it comes to comparing oz and qp, it helps to first define what each unit represents. An oz stands for an ounce, which is a unit of weight equal to 28 grams or 1/16 of a pound. A qp on the other hand stands for a quarter pound, which equals 4 oz or 113 grams.

The Oz Unit

The ounce is a unit of mass used in both the imperial and US customary systems of measurement. In the avoirdupois system of the imperial units, one ounce is equal to 28 grams. Under the international yard and pound agreement of 1959, countries agreed to define the international pound such that one avoirdupois ounce would be exactly 28.349523125 grams.

Some key facts about the ounce:

  • 1 oz = 28 g
  • 16 oz = 1 lb (pound)
  • 1 oz = 1/16 lb
  • Used to measure the mass or weight of items
  • Commonly used to measure food quantities, precious metals, and other commodities

The ounce can be further divided into smaller units like drams and grains. Some common fractional ounce measurements are:

  • 1⁄2 oz = 14 g
  • 1⁄4 oz = 7 g
  • 1⁄8 oz = 3.5 g
  • 1⁄16 oz = 1.75 g

History of the Ounce Unit

The word ounce comes from the Latin word uncia, meaning a twelfth part. This refers to the Roman ounce which was 1/12 of the Roman pound (libra). Over time, adaptations of the ounce were used in various weight systems including the troy, avoirdupois, and apothecaries’ systems.

In the troy system, the troy ounce is still used today to measure precious metals. In this system:

  • 1 troy oz = 31.103 grams
  • 12 troy oz = 1 troy pound

The avoirdupois ounce gained more prominence in commercial trade and is the standard ounce used today in both the US customary units and British imperial units.

The QP Unit

QP stands for a quarter pound. As the name indicates, a quarter pound is equal to one quarter of a pound.

In the modern avoirdupois system:

  • 1 lb = 16 oz
  • 1 QP = 4 oz
  • 1 QP = 113 grams

Some key facts about the quarter pound (QP):

  • Commonly used to measure food quantities like meat, cheese, pasta, etc.
  • Popular due to the rise of fast food restaurants selling quarter pound burgers
  • Not an officially defined unit, but derived from the pound
  • Also known as: quarter, quarter lb

QP in the Food Industry

The QP gained significant popularity thanks to fast food restaurants using it to advertise the size of their hamburgers. A Quarter Pounder burger contains a beef patty weighing a quarter pound before cooking. This helped to standardize the QP as representing 4 oz in the minds of consumers.

Food producers like butchers and grocers also commonly sell products labeled in QPs, such as “QP of potato salad”. Restaurants may use QP in their ingredient measurements or to describe portion sizes.

Comparing Oz and QP

Now that we’ve defined the ounce (oz) and quarter pound (QP) units, we can compare them directly:

  • 1 oz = 28 grams
  • 1 QP = 4 oz = 113 grams

So a quarter pound equals 4 ounces. In other words, a QP is bigger than a single oz.

Here are some examples illustrating the size differences:

  • 1 oz steak vs. QP steak – the QP steak weighs 4 times more
  • 1 oz of nuts (about 28 nuts) vs. QP of nuts (about 113 nuts)
  • 1 oz chocolate bar vs. QP chocolate bar

No matter the item being measured, a quarter pound version will always be larger in size and weight compared to a single ounce version. The QP contains 4 distinct oz within it.

Converting Between Oz and QP

We can easily convert between ounces and quarter pounds using the following conversion factors:

  • 1 QP = 4 oz
  • 1 oz = 0.25 QP


  • 2 oz = 0.5 QP
  • 12 oz = 3 QP
  • 1 QP = 4 oz
  • 2 QP = 8 oz

To summarize:

  • To convert oz to QP: Divide oz by 4
  • To convert QP to oz: Multiply QP by 4

Comparing Relative Sizes

To visualize the relative size differences between an oz and QP, here is a table comparing some common food item sizes:

Food Item 1 oz Size 1 QP Size
Hamburger patty Small patty Large restaurant-sized patty
Steak Very thin steak Thick restaurant-sized steak
Chicken breast 1-2 bites Average full chicken breast
Cheese slice Very thin slice 4 regular sliced of cheese

As the table illustrates, typical QP food portions are 4 times larger than a 1 oz serving. So if you are comparing oz vs QP, the QP will always be the larger quantity.

Usage in Recipes

Both oz and QP measurements are very common in recipes. Here are some tips for using them:

  • QP measurements are best for larger bulk ingredients like meat, cheese, pasta
  • Oz measurements are good for smaller quantities like herbs, spices, oils
  • Stick to using either oz OR QP in a single recipe
  • When substituting, be sure to convert correctly between oz and QP
  • Using a food scale makes measuring oz or QP very easy

Example Recipe

Here is an example recipe using both oz and QP measurements:

QP Cheeseburger


  • 1 QP ground beef (4 oz)
  • 1 oz shredded lettuce
  • 2 oz tomato, sliced
  • 1 QP cheddar cheese, sliced (4 oz)
  • 2 oz onion, sliced
  • 2 oz pickles
  • 1 oz mayonnaise
  • 2 oz ketchup
  • 1 oz mustard
  • 1 QP burger buns (4 oz)


  1. Form the 1 QP ground beef into patties about 4-5 inches wide. Grill patties to desired doneness.
  2. Assemble the burgers by layering the meat, cheese slices, vegetables, and condiments between the burger buns.
  3. Serve immediately and enjoy!

This example highlights how QP measurements are best for the larger bulk ingredients, while oz work nicely for the smaller quantities needed.


In conclusion, an oz represents a smaller unit of measurement than a QP. Specifically:

  • 1 oz = 28 grams
  • 1 QP = 4 oz = 113 grams

A QP equals 4 distinct ounces. When comparing oz vs QP:

  • A QP is always larger than a single oz
  • QP is commonly used for larger food portions
  • Oz is good for smaller ingredient amounts
  • Converting between the units is simple using the 1 QP = 4 oz ratio

So if you ever need to determine whether an oz is bigger or smaller than a QP, remember that the QP reigns supreme in terms of size and weight. The QP is 4 times bigger than the humble oz!

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