How much does 1 cup of bread flour weigh in ounces?

When baking, measuring ingredients accurately is crucial for achieving the right texture and flavor in finished baked goods. For dry ingredients like flour, the weight of a measured cup can vary significantly depending on factors like the flour variety, how the flour was milled, whether it was sifted, how the flour was scooped and leveled, humidity levels, and more. Understanding how much a cup of flour weighs in ounces can help bakers better standardize recipes and get consistent results.

The Typical Weight of a Cup of Bread Flour

On average, 1 cup of bread flour weighs about 4.25 ounces based on tests done by popular cooking resources. However, weights can range anywhere from about 4 ounces on the lighter end up to 5 ounces or more on the heavier end depending on the factors mentioned above.

Here are some typical weights for 1 cup of bread flour from various sources:

  • America’s Test Kitchen: 4.25 ounces
  • King Arthur Baking: 4.25 ounces
  • Bob’s Red Mill: 4.5 ounces
  • Gold Medal: 4.4 ounces
  • Pillsbury: 4.2 ounces

As you can see, weights range from 4.0 ounces on the lighter side up to 4.5 ounces on the heavier side with most being around 4.25 ounces. Using a weight in this range will produce good results in most bread recipes.

Factors That Impact Flour Weight per Cup

There are a several factors that cause variability in the weight of a cup of flour between different brands, batches, and measuring methods:

Flour Variety

Different types of flour have slightly different densities based on the wheat variety, milling and sifting processes, etc. For example, 1 cup of cake flour weighs around 4 ounces while 1 cup of bread flour weighs about 4.25 ounces. The higher protein content in bread flour results in a heavier cup compared to lower protein cake flour.

How the Flour Was Milled

Stone ground flour is less finely milled than most commercial flours and therefore is less dense in a measuring cup. The more coarse the grind, the lighter 1 cup will weigh. Finely milled commercial flours with very fine particles tend to weigh more per cup.


Unsifted flour that is scooped directly from the bag will be denser and weigh more per cup compared to sifted flour. Sifting helps break up clumps and allows flour to settle into a cup more lightly.

Scooping and Leveling Method

Aggressively scooping flour into a cup or sprinkling in flour from high above the cup results in air pockets that make the flour settle much more lightly. Gently spooning flour into a cup and leveling evenly will result in a denser, heavier cup.

Humid Conditions

Flour absorbs moisture from the air in humid environments. The increased moisture content adds weight, resulting in heavier cups of flour in high humidity baking conditions.

Differences Between Brands

Due to all the factors listed above, different brands may end up with slightly different weights for a cup of flour even if they are both labeled as bread flour. It’s a good idea to weigh flour from each new bag of flour you purchase and adjust recipes accordingly if needed.

How to Measure Bread Flour Accurately

For maximum consistency and accuracy when baking, it’s best to weigh flour instead of using cup measurements. However, when you need to measure bread flour by the cup, here are some tips:

Use the Dip and Sweep Method

Dip the measuring cup into the flour to fill it completely, then sweep off the excess flour with a straight edge of a knife or spatula. This helps eliminate air pockets and excess flour.

Avoid Scooping

Scooping flour forcefully into the cup or sprinkling it in from above compacts it less densely. Instead, use the dip and sweep method.

Use the Same Cup for Measuring

The actual volume of a “cup” can vary between measuring cups. Find one cup that works well for your desired flour weight and stick with it.

Level Properly

Make sure to level off the flour evenly after filling the cup. Uneven surfaces can add excess flour to the measurement.

Weigh Periodically

Weigh the cup of flour periodically to check accuracy, especially when using a new flour brand or bag.

Sift First for Lighter Results

Sift flour first before measuring to break up clumps. This results in lighter, less dense cups for things like cakes.

Don’t Pack Flour Down

Avoid tapping or packing down the flour into the cup. Let it settle naturally after dipping and sweeping for an accurate cup.

Account for Humidity

You may need to slightly under fill measuring cups in very humid conditions to account for moisture absorbed by the flour.

Weight to Volume Conversions

Once you know precisely how much your own measuring cup holds in grams or ounces, you can more easily convert between weights and volumes in recipes. Here are some typical weight conversions for various cup measurements of bread flour:

Cups Ounces Grams
1 cup 4 – 4.5 oz 113g – 128g
2 cups 8 – 9 oz 227g – 255g
3 cups 12 – 13.5 oz 340g – 383g
4 cups 16 – 18 oz 454g – 510g
5 cups 20 – 22.5 oz 567g – 638g

Keep in mind that whole wheat and rye flours tend to weigh slightly more than white bread flour per cup. Refer to your measured sample to get precise weights for the specific flour you are using.

Tips for Substituting by Weight in Recipes

When adapting recipes to weight measurements, keep these tips in mind:

  • Look at multiple recipes to determine an average cup-to-weight conversion for the flour used.
  • Weigh your own flour to see exactly how much 1 cup holds.
  • Round weights up or down slightly to make weighing easy. For example, 4.25 ounces can round up to 115g or down to 110g.
  • Make sure to weigh all ingredients that originally had cup measurements to maintain proper ratios.
  • You may need to adjust liquids slightly when using weights.
  • Expect some trial and error as you get used to new recipes.

With some care taken to measure accurately and weigh your ingredients, substituting flour by weight can help take your baking to a more consistent, professional level!


When baking light and airy breads, the exact weight of flour is crucial for getting the right rise and texture. On average, 1 cup of bread flour weighs about 4.25 ounces. However, it can range from 4 ounces on the lighter end up to 5 ounces or more on the heavier end based on flour variety, how it was milled, humidity, measuring methods, and other factors. For best accuracy, weigh flour instead of using cup measurements. When measuring cups of flour, use the dip and sweep method, avoid packing the flour down, and level evenly. Refer to weight conversions to substitute weighed flour in recipes originally using volume amounts. With some trial and error, weighing flour can help improve consistency in your homemade breads.

Leave a Comment