How many mL is a bottle of beer?

Beer is one of the most popular alcoholic beverages around the world. It comes in many varieties and is packaged in different size containers from cans and bottles to kegs. When looking at beer packaging, one common question that arises is “How many mL are in a bottle of beer?”

Quick Answer

The amount of beer in a standard bottle is usually between 330mL to 355mL or 12 fluid ounces. So a typical bottle contains about 350mL of beer. However, there are many different bottle sizes from small 7oz “pony” bottles to large 40oz bottles.

Standard Beer Bottle Sizes

While there are a huge variety of beer bottle sizes, most fall into a few common sizes:

  • 7 oz “pony” bottle – 207mL
  • 12 oz “longneck” bottle – 355mL
  • 16 oz “pounder” bottle – 473mL
  • 22 oz “bomber” bottle – 649mL
  • 32 oz “crowler” bottle – 946mL
  • 40 oz “forty” bottle – 1183mL

The standard for a single beer serving is 12 fluid ounces. So most regular beer bottles contain 12 oz or 355mL of beer. The most common bottle size worldwide is likely the 330mL or 11.2oz size. So on average, a beer bottle contains about 350mL of beer.

Factors that Influence Bottle Size

There are a few key factors that determine the typical bottle size used for a particular beer:

Beer Style and Alcohol Percentage

Certain beer styles like IPAs and double IPAs tend to have higher alcohol by volume (ABV). These styles often come in 22oz bottles rather than 12oz. The larger size accounts for the higher alcohol content. Light lagers and pilsners often come in 12oz or smaller bottles since they have lower ABV.

Single Serving Size

The 12oz or 355mL size is standard for a single beer serving. So beers meant for individual consumption typically use this smaller bottle size. While beers designed for sharing might come in 16oz, 22oz, or larger bottles.

Manufacturer Preference

Breweries will choose a bottle size appropriate for their target customers and beer style. For example, craft breweries tend to prefer 355mL or 500mL sizes. While major domestic brands often use 330mL or 355mL bottles.

Country Standards

Some countries have standardized certain bottle sizes. For instance, 330mL or 500mL are very common in Europe. While Mexico also has distinctive bottle standards including 325mL, 355mL, and 946mL sizes.

Typical Bottle Sizes by Beer Type

While specific beer bottle sizes can vary widely, some general trends exist for certain beer styles and manufacturers:

Beer Type Common Bottle Size(s)
Light Lagers 12oz, 11.2oz, 16oz
Pilsners 12oz, 11.2oz
IPAs 12oz, 16oz, 22oz
Wheat Beers 12oz, 16oz
Pale Ales 12oz, 16oz
Stouts & Porters 12oz, 22oz
Craft Beers 12oz, 16oz, 22oz, 750mL
Imported Beers 11.2oz, 330mL, 500mL
Domestic Beers 12oz, 16oz, 24oz, 30oz

As shown, 12oz is the most versatile bottle size used for many beer styles. But craft beers and higher alcohol beers like IPAs also commonly use 22oz or larger bottles. While imports almost always use 330mL, 500mL or unique sizes.

How Many Servings in Different Beer Bottle Sizes

Here is an overview of the typical number of servings contained in different common beer bottle sizes:

Bottle Size Total mL Servings*
7 oz 207mL 0.58
12 oz 355mL 1
16 oz 473mL 1.3
22 oz 649mL 1.8
32 oz 946mL 2.7
40 oz 1183mL 3.3

*Servings calculated as Total Volume/12oz using a 12 oz serving size

As shown a standard 12oz bottle contains a single 12oz serving. While a 40oz bottle holds over 3 servings. So the bottle size directly correlates to the total servings contained.

Bottle Size Regulations

In the United States, beer bottle and labeling regulations are governed by the Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB). Some key regulations include:

  • Beer bottles must be between 7oz to 128oz
  • Labels must identify container volume
  • Volume must be displayed in US standard units (fl oz)
  • Regulations on fill level based on container size
  • Specific labeling rules depending on bottle size

So Beer bottles in the US can range from small 7oz pony bottles to large 128oz growlers and must meet TTB labeling and fill standards.

Minimum Fill Levels by Bottle Size

The TTB regulates the minimum fill levels for beer bottles depending on container size:

Container Size Minimum Fill Level
7 oz 5.7 oz
12 oz 9.5 oz
16 oz 12.8 oz
22 oz 17.6 oz
32 oz 25.6 oz
40 oz 32.0 oz

So for example, a 12oz bottle must contain at least 9.5oz of beer when full. This allows for headspace and variations in filling.

How Bottle Size and Shape Impacts Taste

An interesting factor to consider is how the size and shape of a beer bottle impacts the taste and drinking experience. Here are some ways bottle design can influence flavor:

Oxygen Exposure

More oxygen can permeate through glass over time in larger bottles. This can cause some oxidization and effect on hop aromas and malt flavors for beers like IPAs.

Drinking Temperature

The smaller the bottle, the warmer the beer gets by your hands as you drink it. Warming changes taste perception.

Portion Size

Drinking beer from different sized bottles or cans changes perceived flavor since aroma compounds interact differently in smaller vs larger portions.

Opening Size

The width of bottle openings changes the way aromas are released which can impact overall taste.

Thickness of Glass

Thicker, heavier glass blocks more light and oxygen which helps preserve beer freshness and hop aromas.

So while the total beer volume is always the same, the drinking experience can vary with different bottle designs.

Popular Beer Bottle Types

While glass color is mostly cosmetic, the shape and design of beer bottles can impact taste. Here are some of the more popular bottle types:

Longneck Bottle

These slim 12oz bottles provide a classic beer drinking experience and help keep costs down. Longnecks work well for everyday beers like lagers and pilsners.

Wine Style Bottle

These wider bottles with short necks are popular for Belgian ales and other specialty beers. Their wider body provides more oxygen exposure.

Stubby Bottle

Short and stout bottles without a neck also provide more oxygen exposure. Stubbies nicely show off creative label designs.


These large 32oz and 64oz bottles are meant for sharing. Growlers maintain freshness for draft beer but must be consumed quickly.


Although not glass, cans block 100% of light and oxygen. This makes them ideal for hoppy beers like IPAs. Cans are also great for portability.

So bottle design choices allow brewers to fine tune the drinking experience to match the type of beer.

Interesting Beer Bottle Facts

Here are some fun trivia and facts related to beer bottle sizes and shapes:

  • The first beer bottles appeared in the 1600s made of wood, ceramic, or glass.
  • Longneck bottles were designed to protect sediment in early unfiltered beers.
  • Champagne style beer bottles have thicker glass to withstand pressure.
  • Bottles under 12 oz are often called “stubbies” or “ponies”.
  • The 40oz “forty” bottle has links to malt liquor and hip hop culture.
  • Bottle caps were invented in 1892 and used corks or “Crowntainers”.
  • Light blocking brown bottles didn’t appear until the 1900s.
  • The 64oz “Growler” bottle size dates back to the late 1800s.
  • Europeans use 330mL and 500mL sizes while the US favors 12oz and 16oz.
  • Some Belgian beers use unique 750mL bottle sizes.

So bottle size and shape innovations have been closely tied to beer history and cultural trends.

Choosing the Right Bottle Size

So with all the different beer bottle sizes available, how do you decide what is the right size to use? Here are some tips on selecting an optimal beer bottle size:

Match Bottle Size to Serving Size

Select a bottle size that aligns with serving sizes. For instance, if targeting single serving then stick with 12oz or 11.2oz bottles. But for bigger portions or sharing choose 16oz, 750mL, or larger.

Factor in Beer Style and ABV

Stronger beers like double IPAs often come in 22oz or larger bottles, while lighter beers use 12oz. Choose a size that suits the typical drinking occasion.

Consider Your Target Audience

For broad appeal, use popular 12oz or 16oz sizes. But craft beer fans gravitate toward 22oz, 750mL and growlers.

Evaluate Effect on Taste

For hoppy IPAs go with cans or thicker glass to maintain freshness. While Belgian ales work well in wine bottles that allow more oxygen.

Assess Manufacturing and Shipping Cost

Larger bottles use more glass and weigh more, impacting production and transport costs. Factor in savings from lighter 12oz bottles.

The right beer bottle provides the perfect drinking experience while supporting your brand’s unique identity. Focus on how size, shape and design align with your beer style, audience and business goals.


Determining how many mL are in a bottle of beer depends on bottle size, shape and purpose. While 12oz is the standard single serving, bottles range from 7oz ponies to 128oz growlers. On average, a typical beer bottle contains around 350mL or 12oz. But many factors from beer style, target market and manufacturing considerations impact the ideal bottle size. Finding the perfect bottle provides the right drinking experience for your brew. So choose a size that reflects your brand and fits your customers’ needs. For most beers, you can’t go wrong with a 12oz longneck bottle, which has been satisfying beer drinkers for generations.

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