How many grams of gold makes an ounce?

The answer is simple – one troy ounce of gold equals 31.1034768 grams. This conversion between ounces and grams is important to know for anyone dealing with precious metals like gold.

Why Do We Measure Gold in Ounces?

Gold has been used as a currency and store of value for thousands of years. Over time, the troy ounce became the standard unit of measurement used for weighing gold in international markets. There are several advantages to measuring gold in troy ounces:

  • Consistency – The troy ounce provides a consistent frame of reference for pricing and weighing gold around the world.
  • Precision – At 31.1034768 grams, the troy ounce allows for small increments of gold to be measured accurately.
  • Market convention – The troy ounce is fully integrated into the systems of gold markets and exchanges. Using this unit facilitates smooth transactions.

In the United States, commodities like gold are priced in troy ounces. This enables easy valuation and price discovery in USD for gold investors and traders.

Origins of the Troy Ounce

The word “troy” comes from the French town of Troyes, where this unit of measurement originated in medieval times. Troy weights were used for precious metals and gems, while the avoirdupois ounce (28 grams) was used for other goods. The use of troy ounces for gold became the norm by the 18th century.

Some key aspects of the troy ounce are:

  • Defined as 480 grains, about 31.1034768 grams.
  • Larger than the avoirdupois ounce of 28 grams.
  • Equal to 1/12 of a troy pound.

The exact size of the troy ounce has varied over time and location, but since the late 19th century it has been standardized at the current conversion rate.

Converting Ounces to Grams

The current exchange rate between troy ounces and grams is:

  • 1 troy ounce = 31.1034768 grams
  • 1 gram = 0.0321507466 troy ounces

This allows for precise calculations between ounces and grams. For example:

  • 10 troy ounces of gold is equal to 10 x 31.1034768 = 311.034768 grams
  • 25 grams of gold is equal to 25 / 31.1034768 = 0.80346842 troy ounces

Handy Conversion Tips

Here are some useful rules of thumb when quickly converting between troy ounces and grams:

  • 1 troy ounce is almost exactly 31 grams
  • 1 gram is just over 0.03 troy ounces
  • To get from grams to ounces, divide by 31
  • To get from ounces to grams, multiply by 31

So for rough mental calculations:

  • 25 grams of gold is 25 / 31 = about 0.8 troy ounces
  • 10 troy ounces of gold is 10 x 31 = about 310 grams

Precision Conversions

For transactions where accuracy is critical, like trading gold futures or getting assay results, the full precision conversion factor must be used:

  • 1 troy ounce = 31.1034768 grams
  • 1 gram = 0.0321507466 troy ounces

To convert using full precision:

  • 25 grams x 0.0321507466 = 0.80346842 troy ounces
  • 10 troy ounces x 31.1034768 = 311.034768 grams

Measuring Gold Quantities

The troy ounce is used to measure quantities of gold like:

  • Gold reserves held by central banks
  • Gold bars and coins
  • Traded volumes on gold futures exchanges
  • Mined gold quantities by mining companies

Typically, large bulk quantities of gold are stated in troy ounces. Smaller fractional amounts can be measured in grams. For retail consumers buying gold jewelry, weights are stated in grams for precision.

Large Scale Gold Weights

Large gold holdings, like those held by institutions and governments, are typically described in millions of troy ounces (Moz) or thousands of metric tonnes. Some examples are:

  • The United States holds 8,133 tonnes of gold reserves, equal to 261.5 Moz.
  • The International Monetary Fund holds 2,814 tonnes of gold, equal to 90.5 Moz.
  • India’s gold reserves total 618.2 tonnes, equal to 19.9 Moz.

Small Scale Gold Weights

For individual and retail purposes, gold is measured in grams. For example:

  • 1 gram gold bars
  • 5 gram gold coins
  • Jewelry measured to 0.01 grams
  • Gold dust and flakes weighed in grams

When buying gold jewelry, the weight listed will be in grams. However, pricing may still be per troy ounce based on the wholesale market rate.

Troy Ounces and Grams in Gold Trading

In financial markets, the troy ounce remains the standard pricing unit for gold trading. The leading gold futures contracts are:

  • 100 troy ounce COMEX gold futures
  • 1 troy ounce CME gold futures

Gold futures prices are stated in USD per troy ounce. However, fractional contras can be traded, so knowing the grams conversion is helpful.

Spot gold prices are also predominantly quoted in USD per troy ounce. Spot gold trades in a variety of sizes, down to grams on some retail platforms.

Quoting Gold Futures Prices

Here is an example gold futures quote:

COMEX April 2025 Gold Futures: $1,572.40/oz

This means each COMEX gold futures contract for 100 troy ounces is priced at $1,572.40 per ounce. So 1 contract would cost:

  • 100 oz x $1,572.40/oz = $157,240

Fractional contracts can be traded based on grams. Each gram of a 100 oz contract is:

  • 100 oz x 31.1034768 grams/oz = 3,110.34768 grams

So a 5 gram partial contract would cost:

  • 5 grams / 3,110.34768 grams per contract = 0.00160548 contracts
  • 0.00160548 contracts x $1,572.40/oz = $2.52

Spot Gold Gram Pricing

Spot gold prices are also quoted in USD per troy ounce. For example:

Spot Gold Price: $1,300.15/oz

To calculate the spot price per gram, divide by 31.1034768:

  • $1,300.15/oz / 31.1034768 grams/oz = $41.79/gram

So if buying 10 grams of gold, it would cost:

  • 10 grams x $41.79/gram = $417.90

Ounces and Grams in Jewelry and Bullion

For retail gold buyers, understanding ounce and gram conversions is important when purchasing:

  • Gold bullion coins and bars
  • Gold jewelry
  • Collectible gold coins

Large bullion is marked in both troy ounces and grams. Smaller pieces are measured in grams.

Popular Gold Coins

Some widely traded gold coins are minted in specific standard sizes. Common weights are:

  • American Gold Eagle – 1 oz, 0.5 oz, 0.25 oz, 0.1 oz
  • Canadian Gold Maple Leaf – 1 oz
  • South African Krugerrand – 1 oz
  • British Gold Sovereign – 0.2354 oz (7.32 grams)

Gold Bar Weights

Gold bars come in a variety of weights. Usual sizes are:

  • 1 gram
  • 5 gram
  • 10 gram
  • 1 ounce
  • 10 ounce
  • 1 kilogram (32.15 troy ounces)

Gram weights are popular for smaller gold bars. Troy ounces are used for larger gold bars.

Jewelry Weights

For retail jewelry, weights are listed in grams. Common examples are:

  • Necklace – 5 grams
  • Ring – 3 grams
  • Bracelet – 10 grams
  • Earrings – 1 gram each, 2 gram pair

Jewelry may be priced per gram or else priced as a whole piece. Precise gram weights help determine value.

Key Takeaways

Here are some key points on converting ounces and grams of gold:

  • One troy ounce equals 31.1034768 grams.
  • This ounce to gram ratio is key for weighing and pricing gold worldwide.
  • Large gold quantities are weighed in troy ounces. Small retail weights use grams.
  • In futures and spot trading, gold is priced in USD per troy ounce.
  • Knowing the conversions helps calculate contract prices and retail gram prices.
  • For maximum precision, use the full conversion ratios.

Understanding the relationship between troy ounces and grams enables accurate valuation and transactions in any type of gold trading, buying, or collecting.

Frequently Asked Questions

Why is a troy ounce used for gold instead of a regular ounce?

The troy ounce is used for gold instead of the avoirdupois ounce because it provides greater precision. At 31.1034768 grams, it allows for accurately weighing small increments of gold. The troy ounce has become the standard for precious metals markets globally.

Can I use a normal kitchen scale to weigh gold?

No, a normal kitchen scale is not accurate enough for weighing gold. Precious metals require specialized gold scales capable of accuracy up to 0.01 grams to get an exact troy ounce or gram measurement.

Are coins like Krugerrands exactly one troy ounce?

While some coins are minted as exactly 1 troy ounce, others have slight variations. For example, the Krugerrand contains exactly 1 troy ounce of gold while the Gold Sovereign contains 0.2354 troy oz. Coins are stamped with weights so check for the exact gram or ounce weight.

How much is gold trading per gram today?

The spot gold price per gram today can be calculated by dividing the price per troy ounce by 31.1034768. For example, with gold trading at $1,300/oz, the price per gram is $1,300 / 31.1034768 = approximately $41.79 per gram.

Can I buy a fraction of a gold coin or bar?

Yes, you can buy fractional portions of larger gold bullion. For example, 1/10th oz bullion bars, 1 gram bars, and futures contracts for less than 100 ounces enable investing in portions of gold.


Knowing the precise conversion between troy ounces and grams is an essential skill for anyone dealing with gold in trading, retail, or collectible forms. Although ounces are the common pricing and weighing unit, being able to move between ounces and grams allows for accurate valuation, purchase, and sale of any quantity of gold.

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