What makes smoothies so creamy?

Smoothies have become an increasingly popular and tasty way to get a nutritious breakfast or snack. Walk into any juice bar or coffee shop and you’ll see a wide array of vibrant smoothies on the menu. From green veggie smoothies to berry-packed fruit smoothies, there’s a smoothie out there for everyone.

But what makes these blended drinks so rich, thick, and creamy? The secret lies within the ingredients.

Fruits With High Water Content

Fruits naturally contain a lot of water, which helps give smoothies their signature creamy texture. Fruits like watermelon, strawberries, cantaloupe, and oranges have extremely high water content, usually over 90%. The water content in these fruits acts like a natural liquid base when blended up in a smoothie. The more watery fruits you include, the thicker and creamier your smoothie will turn out.

Here’s a table showing the water content of common smoothie fruits:

Fruit Water Content
Watermelon 92%
Strawberries 91%
Cantaloupe 90%
Orange 87%
Pineapple 87%
Grapefruit 86%
Peach 86%

As you can see, fruits like watermelon, strawberries, and cantaloupe are made up of over 90% water, making them excellent smoothie ingredients for creating a creamy condensed texture.

Frozen Fruit

Using frozen fruit is one of the best tricks to instantly make smoothies extra thick and frosty. Fruits like bananas, mangos, pineapples, berries, and cherries work great frozen. The ice crystals that form during freezing break down cell walls in the fruit. This allows more nutrients and flavors to be released when blended up. Plus, frozen fruits add natural chill and thickness to smoothies without diluting the flavor. A 100% fruit smoothie made with only frozen ingredients will turn out with a supremely creamy, almost milkshake-like consistency.


Bananas deserve their own special section here because they are truly the MVP when it comes to creamy smoothies. Ripe bananas contain a mixture of simple sugars, fiber, and resistant starch. When blended, these compounds produce a viscous, smooth texture. Unripe bananas have higher starch content and will make smoothies even thicker. Bananas are also packed with potassium, vitamin B6, vitamin C, and magnesium.

Adding just half a frozen banana can instantly make your smoothie creamier and more nutritious. Other fruits mixed with banana create a smooth, creamy blend. Try combining frozen banana with frozen mango or pineapple for a decadent tropical-flavored smoothie.


Avocados aren’t just for guacamole! These green fruits are filled with healthy fats that lend a luxuriously silky texture to smoothies. The monounsaturated fats in avocados enable them to be blended into a smooth, velvety cream. Just half an avocado is enough to make a smoothie incredibly lush and creamy.

Avocados pair especially well with chocolate or vanilla flavors. Try blending avocado with cacao powder, chocolate protein powder, or vanilla extract. You can even totally hide the avocado flavor in a chocolate smoothie by blending it with cocoa, banana, and almond milk.

Nut Butters

Nut butters like almond butter, peanut butter, cashew butter, and tahini add healthy fats, protein, and creaminess to smoothies. Just a tablespoon of your favorite nut butter is enough to impart luxurious creamy richness. Nut butters contain heart-healthy unsaturated fats that blend easily into liquid for a smooth, velvety sip. When paired with fruits and juices, nut butters complement the flavors while ramping up the cream factor.

Try adding a dollop of peanut butter to a chocolate banana smoothie for an extra decadent treat. Or blend cashew butter into a fruit-based green smoothie to turn it into a filling meal replacement. Almond butter, tahini, and sunflower seed butter also make great smoothie boosters.

Full-Fat Coconut Milk

Coconut milk deserves a spot in the creamy smoothie ingredients hall of fame. The high fat content of full-fat canned coconut milk makes it perfect for blending ultra-creamy smoothies. Just a quarter cup of coconut milk adds a major boost of creaminess, not to mention a tasty tropical flair. Make sure to stir or shake canned coconut milk well before adding it to your smoothie blend.

Coconut milk pairs deliciously with tropical fruits like pineapple, mango, and banana. It’s also amazing blended with vanilla, cinnamon, and banana for a dreamy vanilla coconut cream smoothie. Light coconut milk works too, but it won’t make your smoothie nearly as creamy.

Cottage Cheese

Cottage cheese is an unlikely but excellent ingredient for boosting the creaminess of fruit and veggie smoothies. The curds of cottage cheese blend seamlessly into smoothies, adding a boost of creaminess and protein. Just a quarter cup of lowfat cottage cheese adds 4 grams of filling protein.

Since cottage cheese has a mild flavor, it pairs well with both sweet and savory smoothie ingredients. Blend it with fruits and juices for a tasty breakfast smoothie. Or use cottage cheese as the creamy base of a savory green smoothie made with veggies like spinach, kale, and cucumber.

Silken Tofu

Silken tofu is a vegan wonder ingredient for creamy smoothies. This type of soft tofu is made by coagulating soy milk. It blends into an ultra smooth and creamy consistency just like dairy products. A quarter cup of silken tofu can make any fruit or vegetable smoothie richer and creamier in texture.

Silken tofu has a very neutral flavor that takes on the flavors of other smoothie ingredients. Use it as a plant-based creamy base for both sweet and savory smoothies. Silken tofu pairs especially well with tropical flavors like pineapple, mango, and banana.

Full-Fat Greek Yogurt

Creamy Greek yogurt is made by straining away the liquid whey. This produces a very thick, indulgently creamy yogurt that blends beautifully into smoothies. Just a quarter cup of full-fat plain Greek yogurt adds protein and gives smoothies a milkshake-like thickness.

Try pairing thick Greek yogurt with berries, bananas, chocolate, vanilla, and cinnamon flavors. Avoid nonfat and low fat varieties of Greek yogurt, since they don’t have enough fat content to make smoothies creamier. The full-fat kind will make your smoothies rich and decadent.


Kefir is a probiotic cultured milk product similar to drinkable yogurt. It contains protein, calcium, and an array of healthy gut bacteria. The probiotics and acidic tang of kefir add a pleasant creamy texture when blended into smoothies. For best results, choose full fat kefir over low fat varieties.

Kefir’s tangy flavor pairs well with sweeter fruits like mango, berries, and banana. Adding just 2-4 ounces of kefir makes smoothies extra creamy while also boosting the probiotic content. This helps support digestion and immunity.

Non-Dairy Milk

Nondairy milks make amazing smoothie bases for people who can’t or don’t consume cow’s milk. Varieties like almond milk, oat milk, soy milk, coconut milk, and cashew milk lend creaminess while providing nutrients. They blend easily with other smoothie ingredients for a flawlessly smooth sip.

Some tips for choosing a creamy non-dairy milk:

  • Go for unsweetened varieties to let fruit flavors shine.
  • Stay away from fat-free milks, since fat content improves creaminess.
  • Shake or stir well before pouring into your smoothie to disperse the creamy solids.

While all non-dairy milks make decent smoothie bases, coconut milk and cashew milk tend to be the creamiest options.

Chia Seeds

Tiny chia seeds turn into a gel when soaked in liquid. This makes them a great way to instantly thicken up smoothies when blended. Just 1-2 tablespoons of dry chia seeds can transform a watery smoothie into a thicker, more luscious texture. For best results, let your smoothie sit for 5-10 minutes after blending to allow the chia seeds time to fully plump up.

Chia seeds also add a boost of fiber, protein, omega-3 fatty acids and antioxidants like quercetin. They have a very mild flavor that works in both fruit and green smoothies. The chia gel they form in liquid has a tapioca-like texture.


Like chia seeds, ground flaxseeds have gelling properties that lend a thicker consistency to blended drinks. The soluble fiber in flax turns into a viscous gel when mixed with liquids. Just 1 tablespoon of ground flaxseeds can make smoothies creamier while adding nutrition. Flax provides a hefty dose of fiber, omega-3 fats, and antioxidant lignans.

Be sure to only use ground flaxseed, not whole flaxseeds. The smoothie texture will turn out gritty if the seeds haven’t been pre-ground. Let your smoothie rest for 5-10 minutes after adding ground flaxseed to allow the gel to fully develop.


Oats give smoothies extra thickness and creaminess thanks to their soluble fiber content. Beta-glucan fiber in oats turns into a gel-like substance when blended with liquids. Just a tablespoon or two makes smoothies thicker, creamier, and more filling. Using rolled or quick oats, not steel-cut, gives the smoothest texture.

Oats pair tastily with many classic smoothie flavors. Add them to berry, peanut butter, chocolate, or vanilla smoothies for extra satisfaction. Let your oat-filled smoothie rest for 5 minutes post-blending to develop maximum creaminess.

Ice Cream

For the ultimate indulgence, add a scoop of your favorite ice cream to smoothies. Vanilla, chocolate, and nutty ice cream flavors complement most fruit smoothies. The ice cream adds creaminess while tempering the texture to a perfect chilled thickness. Start with just 1/4 to 1/2 cup of ice cream and adjust to your desired consistency.

Some fun ice cream smoothie combos:

  • Strawberry ice cream + banana + strawberries
  • Chocolate ice cream + peanut butter + banana
  • Vanilla ice cream + mixed berries
  • Cookies and cream ice cream + Oreo cookies + cocoa powder
  • Rocky road ice cream + banana + almond milk

Cashew Cream

For plant-based creaminess without dairy, try making homemade cashew cream. This is made by blending raw cashews with water in a high speed blender or food processor until smooth and creamy. Cashew cream adds luxurious richness to fruit and green smoothies.

Here’s an easy recipe to make your own:

Cashew Cream Recipe


  • 1 cup raw cashews, soaked for 2 hours and drained
  • 1 cup water


  1. In a blender, combine the soaked cashews and water.
  2. Blend on high speed for 1-2 minutes until completely smooth and creamy.
  3. Add to smoothies as desired for extra richness.
  4. Store leftovers in the fridge for up to 5 days.


With so many delicious ingredients to choose from, it’s easy to customize smoothies to your perfect creamy consistency. Fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, milks, nut butters, yogurt, ice cream, and more can all help ramp up the indulgent richness factor. Not only does the creamy texture taste amazing, it also helps smoothies be more filling and satisfying.

Experiment with different ingredient combos and find your favorites for deliciously drinkable and nutritious smoothie creations. Just blend up any of the foods from this list for a frosty glass of velvety goodness.

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