What kind of oil did the widow woman have?

The story of the widow’s oil is found in 2 Kings 4:1-7 in the Bible. A prophet had died and left behind a wife and two sons. The wife was in debt and her creditor was threatening to take her two sons as slaves to pay off the debt. In desperation, she cried out to Elisha the prophet for help.

The Widow’s Predicament

The widow was in a dire situation. As a woman without a husband or inheritance rights, she had limited options for providing for herself and her family. Taking on debt was dangerous, but sometimes necessary for survival. Now the creditor was ready to take away her very children.

The Widow’s Oil

Elisha asked the widow what she had left in her house. All she had was a jar of olive oil. So Elisha instructed her to borrow empty vessels from all her neighbors. She was to fill the vessels from her one jar of oil. Miraculously, the oil did not run out until all the vessels were full!

The Significance of Olive Oil

Olive oil was incredibly valuable in ancient Israel. It was used for cooking, lamps, medicinal purposes, anointing, and offerings in the temple. The widow’s single jar of olive oil represented her most precious possession.

A Divine Gift

The unlimited olive oil was clearly a gift from God. By miraculously multiplying this oil, God provided for the widow’s financial need. The abundance of oil she could now sell would pay off her debts and sustain her family.

Lessons from the Widow’s Oil

This story teaches us several things:

  • God cares for widows and orphans in desperate need
  • God can miraculously multiply scarce resources
  • God provides just what is needed at the right time
  • Obedience to God’s instructions leads to blessing

The Identity of the Oil

The text simply identifies the substance as “oil” (Hebrew: shemen). Based on ancient Israelite practices, this was most likely olive oil. Olive trees grew well in the climate of Israel and olive oil was a staple commodity.

The widow had a single jar of standard olive oil that God miraculously multiplied. While the exact variety is not specified, it was likely a common type of olive oil used for cooking and other household purposes.

Other Biblical Uses of Oil

Olive oil was ubiquitous in ancient Israelite society. Here are some other biblical examples of its uses:

  • Mixed with grain offerings (Leviticus 2:1)
  • Used in anointing priests and kings (Exodus 29:7)
  • Applied with medicine (Luke 10:34)
  • Fuel for lamps (Matthew 25:3-4)
  • Given as a gift (1 Kings 5:11)
  • Used in cooking (1 Kings 17:12-16)

The Economic Impact

The large quantity of olive oil the widow collected would have been immensely valuable. Olive oil was a prized commodity in the ancient world. Economically, this allowed her to:

  • Pay off all her family’s debts
  • Support herself and her sons
  • Live without fear of creditors or poverty
  • Potentially generate income by selling excess oil

With this new stability and security, her family was preserved from slavery and poverty.


The poor widow’s need prompted God’s miraculous provision of abundant olive oil. This oil represented life, light, and sustenance for her family. Through His divine multiplication of this basic commodity, God showed His compassion and supplied her needs. The Lord sees and cares for the afflicted and accomplishes His purposes in remarkable ways.

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