What do you say when someone is close to the end of life?

When a loved one is approaching the end of their life, it can be an incredibly difficult and emotional time. You may feel unsure about what to say or do to provide comfort and support in their final days and hours. It’s important to be sensitive, listen more than speak, and offer reassurance where you can. Focus on being fully present and making them feel cared for.

Have an honest, compassionate conversation

If possible, have an open and honest conversation with your loved one about their wishes and what they need from you during this time. Make sure they know you are there for them and want to help however you can. Ask if there is anything specific they want you to say or not say. Offer reassurance that you will honor their wishes.

Some key things to discuss:

  • Their medical treatment preferences if they worsen – what interventions they want or don’t want
  • Where they want to spend their final days if it’s an option
  • Any religious or spiritual rituals that would provide comfort
  • How they want you to support any other family members who are grieving
  • Their funeral or memorial wishes
  • How to handle their belongings and estate

Having an open and honest dialogue removes guesswork and helps you provide the care and support they truly need and desire. Even if the conversation is emotionally difficult, it can bring peace of mind.

Offer comfort through physical touch

Physical touch can be very soothing and communicate love and support when words fail. Hold their hand, gently stroke their arm, brush their hair back, or simply sit close by with your hand on their shoulder. Always ask permission first and respect their boundaries if they don’t want to be touched. Even a gentle touch can relieve discomfort and make them feel less alone.

Reminisce about meaningful memories

Sharing favorite memories, funny stories and significant events you experienced together can bring joy and comfort at end of life. Ask if there are any special memories they want to talk about. Reminiscing validates that their life had meaning and purpose. Avoid bringing up regrets or unfinished business unless they expressly want to discuss these topics. Keep the focus on happy recollections and expressions of love.

Read aloud comforting words or spiritual passages

Offer to read aloud from religious or spiritual texts if it resonates with their beliefs. Poetry, inspiring quotes, or excerpts from their favorite books can also be soothing. Read at a calm, steady pace. Your tone and the sound of your voice can be very comforting. Ask if there are any specific passages or texts they would like to hear. Always respect their beliefs and preferences.

Play their favorite music

Music can be very therapeutic and uplifting at end of life. Ask your loved one what music provides them comfort or joy. Create playlists of their favorite songs, hymns, or instrumental pieces. If possible, have headphones available so they can listen privately. Music can relax their mind, elevate mood, and transport them to happy memories. It offers a pleasant distraction from pain or negative thoughts.

Help relieve physical discomfort

Use pillows, warm blankets or cool cloths to help them get as comfortable as possible. Ask if there is anything causing pain or discomfort that could be eased – changing position, lip balm for dry lips, or adjusting lighting or temperature. Provide ice chips, popsicles or sips of water to relieve dry mouth. Speak to their healthcare providers about pain management options to keep them as comfortable as possible. Even small comfort measures can make a difference.

Allow them to express fears or concerns

Give your loved one space to speak openly about any fears or concerns they have about dying. Don’t immediately try to “fix” these feelings. Listening without judgement and validating their emotions are what matter. Offer reassurance that you will be by their side no matter what happens. Avoid blunt statements about how much time they have left. Instead provide comfort and stress you are in the moment together.

Give reassurance and permission to let go

Gently reassuring your loved one that it’s okay to let go can relieve distress and anxiety as death nears. Statements like “You can rest now. I’m here with you” and “It’s okay to go in peace” help convey that you accept their transition, will be alright, and give them permission to have a peaceful death. This can ease their holding on for your sake.

Express your love

Use touch and heartfelt words to ensure your loved one understands how much they mean to you. “I love you” may be the most important phrase you say. Share, through your words or actions, specific things you love and admire about them. Expressing gratitude for what they’ve meant in your life helps confirm they made a difference and were deeply loved. This can provide great comfort.

Offer to handle caregiving tasks

Tenderly offer to take care of any personal caregiving tasks that provide comfort and dignity – applying lip balm or lotion, changing soiled bedding or clothing, brushing their hair, adjusting pillows. Don’t take over entirely. Encourage them to do what they can to preserve independence. Offer choices where possible. Handle caregiving tasks with sensitivity and reverence. It’s a privilege to provide care as life nears its end.

Make food and drink offerings

Your loved one may lose interest in eating and drinking as death approaches. Don’t force food or drink, but do offer small amounts of their favorite beverages, broths, popsicles or foods. Help them eat or drink if needed. A few bites or sips can give needed energy and comfort. Moisten their lips with a wet cloth if they are unable to take food or fluids in their final hours.

Limit visitors

It can be tiring for a dying person to have too many visitors. Check in with your loved one about who they want to see in their final days. Try to limit visitors to immediate family and closest friends. Brief visitors ahead of time about what to expect. Encourage them not to stay too long. A brief meaningful visit is better than an extended draining one.

Make use of resources and support

Get guidance from hospice staff or social workers about what to say and do. Ask if they have any materials you can read. Don’t be afraid to seek counseling or spiritual guidance for yourself. Take care of your own needs so you can better care for your loved one. Have people you can talk to and lean on as you go through this journey with your loved one.

What not to say

Avoid certain harmful remarks as someone nears death. Statements to avoid include:

  • “I know how you feel.” You do not actually know exactly how they feel.
  • “You should fight harder.” This implies they are giving up.
  • “You’ll be fine.” Offer realism, not false hope.
  • Any dismissive platitudes. Comments like “This is God’s plan” can invalidate emotions.
  • Talking about their material possessions. Keep focus on them, not their things.
  • Pressuring them to make end-of-life decisions.
  • Any remarks about how much time they have left.

The key is to listen more than speak. Let your loved one guide conversations. Never minimize their concerns or make careless remarks. Offer compassion and let them know they are loved.

Give the gift of your presence

Our presence means more than any words. Your calm, caring company conveys you are there for them in their final journey. Avoid distractions and give them your full focus. Have some quiet periods together along with conversations. Your undivided presence and attention are the greatest comfort and support you can offer.


No one is fully prepared for losing a loved one, but having some guidance on providing care and comfort to someone at end of life can help you through an incredibly difficult experience. Use these tips to have a meaningful final chapter that honors their life and your relationship. Most importantly, simply being present and letting them know how much they are loved can help bring peace and solace during their last days and hours.

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