How much protein is in a jumbo sized egg?

Eggs are a nutritious food that are a great source of protein. The amount of protein in an egg can vary slightly depending on the size and quality of the egg. In this article, we will specifically look at how much protein is found in a jumbo sized egg.

What is the Definition of a Jumbo Egg?

Before looking at the protein content, it’s important to define what qualifies as a “jumbo” sized egg. In the United States, eggs are categorized by weight into different size classes. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), jumbo eggs weigh a minimum of 2.5 ounces (70 grams) per egg.

This is larger than the typical medium or large eggs most people buy at the grocery store. Medium eggs weigh around 1.75 ounces (50 grams) and large eggs are about 2 ounces (56-63 grams). So a jumbo egg is quite a bit bigger than your average store-bought egg.

Egg Sizes and Weights

For reference, here is an overview of common egg sizes and weights in the U.S:

Egg size Minimum weight per egg
Small 1.25 ounces (35 grams)
Medium 1.75 ounces (50 grams)
Large 2 ounces (57 grams)
Extra large 2.25 ounces (64 grams)
Jumbo 2.5 ounces (70 grams)

As you can see, jumbo eggs are significantly heavier than even extra large eggs. The jumbo classification is typically reserved for the very largest eggs produced.

Protein Content of Jumbo Eggs

Now that we know what qualifies as a jumbo egg, let’s look at how much protein is found in these extra large eggs.

According to the USDA National Nutrient Database, one large whole raw egg (50 grams) contains about 6 grams of protein. Given their larger size, jumbo eggs (70 grams) contain about 8-9 grams of protein per egg.

Specifically, a 2.5 ounce (70 gram) jumbo egg provides about:

  • 8.4 grams protein
  • 0.5 grams carbohydrates
  • 5.3 grams fat
  • 211 mg cholesterol
  • 15.4 micrograms selenium (22% DV)
  • 0.3 mg vitamin B12 (5% DV)
  • 86 IU vitamin A (2% DV)

As you can see, while jumbo eggs are higher in calories and fat compared to large eggs, they excel when it comes to high-quality protein. The protein in eggs contains all nine essential amino acids that we need to get through diet.

Complete Protein Source

This makes eggs a complete protein source. Getting enough protein in your diet helps to build and repair tissues, produce important enzymes and hormones, and keep your immune system functioning properly.

The 8-9 grams of protein in a jumbo egg accounts for about 15-20% of the recommended daily protein intake. For reference, the daily value (DV) for protein is 50 grams per day for the average adult.

So eating one jumbo egg provides a significant amount of complete, high-quality protein to help you meet your daily needs.

Protein Content of Jumbo Egg Whites vs Yolks

Up until now, we’ve been looking at the protein content of an entire jumbo egg. But what about the individual components like the egg white and egg yolk?

Here is a breakdown of the protein content in jumbo egg whites versus egg yolks:

  • Jumbo egg white: Approximately 6 grams protein
  • Jumbo egg yolk: 2-3 grams protein

As you can see, the majority of protein in eggs comes from the egg white rather than the yolk. The egg yolk does contain some protein, but is more concentrated in fat and other nutrients compared to the egg white.

Benefits of Egg Whites

This makes egg whites an especially good source of lean protein. Some people even consume egg whites on their own if they are looking to boost protein intake without extra calories or fat.

Egg whites are very low calorie (about 17 calories per jumbo egg white), while providing lots of volume and protein. Keep in mind that eating just egg whites will cause you to miss out on some beneficial nutrients found in the yolk.

Nutrients in Egg Yolks

Although lower in protein than egg whites, each jumbo egg yolk contains:

  • 2-3 grams protein
  • 5.5 grams fat
  • 0.4 grams carbs
  • 184 mg cholesterol
  • 15.4 micrograms selenium (22% DV)
  • 0.3 mg vitamin B12 (5% DV)
  • 133 IU vitamin A (3% DV)
  • 25.5 micrograms folate (6% DV)

So while not as protein-packed as the whites, egg yolks contain healthy fats, selenium, B12, vitamin A, folate, and more. For most people, eating whole eggs to get the benefits of both the whites and yolks is recommended.

Jumbo Egg Protein Content vs Other Protein Sources

Now that you know a jumbo egg supplies about 8-9 grams of protein, how does that compare to other high protein foods?

Here is the typical protein content in jumbo eggs compared to other common protein-rich foods:

Food Grams of protein
Jumbo egg 8-9 grams
Chicken breast (3 ounces cooked) 26 grams
Canned tuna (3 ounces) 22 grams
Greek yogurt (6 ounces) 17 grams
Tofu (1/2 cup) 10 grams

So while jumbo eggs are high compared to many foods, they contain less protein per serving than lean meats, fish, and some dairy products. Still, eggs deliver protein efficiently in a small, compact package that is quick and convenient to cook.

High Quality Protein

In addition, keep in mind that the protein in eggs is highly bioavailable and contains all essential amino acids your body needs, so it is efficiently utilized by your body compared to some plant-based proteins.

Protein Needs for Men and Women

Now that you know how much protein is in jumbo eggs, how many would you need each day to meet your protein needs?

The recommended dietary allowance (RDA) for protein is:

  • Men: 56 grams per day
  • Women: 46 grams per day

However, many experts recommend consuming even more than the RDA, with ideal intakes around:

  • Men: 60-120 grams per day
  • Women: 50-90 grams per day

Active individuals or athletes may need even higher amounts of protein. Given these recommendations, here is how many jumbo eggs would provide the RDA or ideal protein intake ranges:

Protein Needs from Jumbo Eggs

  • RDA for men: Approximately 7 jumbo eggs per day
  • Ideal for men: 8-15 jumbo eggs per day
  • RDA for women: Approximately 6 jumbo eggs per day
  • Ideal for women: 6-11 jumbo eggs per day

As you can see based on these numbers, a single jumbo egg each day would provide a significant chunk of your daily protein needs, especially for women. Consuming 2-3 jumbo eggs per day would provide even more protein.

However, note that eating more than 3-4 eggs every day could potentially cause health issues due to the high dietary cholesterol in egg yolks. So for most people, 1-2 jumbo eggs is a good daily target to benefit from eggs’ protein content.

Should You Eat the Entire Jumbo Egg?

Given that the majority of protein is found in egg whites, could you just eat the egg whites from jumbo eggs to reduce calories, fat, and cholesterol?

While that approach may work for some people, there are downsides to only consuming egg whites.

As mentioned earlier, egg yolks also deliver important nutrients like vitamin A, folate, B12, iron, and choline. Choline in particular is a nutrient many people are deficient in that is concentrated in the egg yolk.

Benefits of Whole Eggs

Studies show the fat and cholesterol in eggs may also help promote fullness and stabilize blood sugar compared to just eating the whites. This is related to their high protein content and amino acid profile.

For most people without cholesterol issues, eating the entire jumbo egg to get benefits from the yolk and whites is recommended. Of course, talk to your healthcare provider if you have any concerns about cholesterol in eggs.

Cooking Methods for Jumbo Eggs

The way you cook jumbo eggs can also impact their protein quality and absorption.

Cooking egg whites causes the protein to denature and firm up from the clear liquid state. However, cooking actually increases the digestibility and absorption of egg whites.

On the other hand, cooking egg yolks may slightly reduce the bioavailability of protein compared to raw yolks. However, cooked yolks are still highly nutritious, so the difference is small.

Best Cooking Methods

Some of the best cooking methods to preserve protein quality in jumbo eggs include:

  • Poached
  • Soft boiled
  • Sunny side up
  • Lightly scrambled

Frying, hard boiling, or heavily scrambling may cause more protein damage, but eggs will still be highly nutritious. Try to avoid overcooking the yolks if possible.

Health Benefits of Jumbo Eggs

Given their impressive protein content and nutrient profile, what benefits can you expect to gain from eating jumbo eggs?

Here are some of the top health benefits of jumbo eggs:

  • Boost muscle growth and maintenance: The high quality protein stimulates muscle protein synthesis to enhance growth and reduce loss of muscle mass as we age.
  • Increase fullness: Eating eggs for breakfast helps prolong feelings of fullness compared to carb-heavy breakfasts, resulting in reduced calorie intake later in the day.
  • Stabilize blood sugar: The protein and fat in eggs helps slow digestion and prevents blood sugar spikes and crashes.
  • Improve brain function: Eggs are rich in choline, an essential nutrient for memory, learning, focus and brain development.
  • Enhance eye health: Lutein and zeaxanthin in eggs reduce risks of macular degeneration and cataracts.
  • Promote bone strength: Eggs provide calcium, phosphorus, vitamin D and protein to help maintain strong, healthy bones.

Overall, adding a few jumbo eggs to your diet each week can provide valuable health benefits beyond simply providing a convenient protein boost.

Key Points

To summarize the key takeaways from this article:

  • A jumbo egg weighs a minimum of 2.5 ounces (70 grams). This is larger than typical large or extra-large eggs.
  • One jumbo egg provides about 8-9 grams of high quality, complete protein.
  • The majority of an egg’s protein is found in the egg white rather than the yolk.
  • Jumbo eggs provide an efficient package of protein that is highly bioavailable compared to some other sources.
  • Aim for 1-2 jumbo eggs per day as part of a healthy diet to help meet your protein needs.
  • Eating jumbo eggs has been shown to promote muscle building, fullness, blood sugar regulation, brain health, eye health and more.


Jumbo eggs are one of the best sources of protein you can eat as part of a healthy, nutritious diet. Just one jumbo egg supplies around 8-9 grams of complete protein full of amino acids your body needs.

While egg whites contain more protein than yolks, consuming whole eggs provides the benefits of both components. Aim for 1-2 jumbo eggs per day cooked with healthy methods to maximize health perks.

Understanding how much protein you get from different foods allows you to plan your diet to ensure you meet daily protein targets for muscle growth, fullness, and health.

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