# How many whole eggs in a cup?

The number of whole eggs that fit in a cup depends on the size of the eggs and the size of the cup. On average, a large egg has a volume of around 1.77 fluid ounces. A standard measuring cup in the United States holds 8 fluid ounces. Based on these approximations, a measuring cup can hold around 4 to 5 large whole eggs.

## Quick Summary

• A large egg has an average volume of 1.77 fluid ounces
• A standard US measuring cup holds 8 fluid ounces
• A measuring cup can hold about 4-5 large whole eggs on average

To provide a more detailed answer, we need to look at the range of sizes for both eggs and measuring cups.

## Egg Sizes

Chicken eggs come in different sizes based on the breed and age of the hen. According to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), the common sizes are:

• Small: 1.5 fluid ounces
• Medium: 1.75 fluid ounces
• Large: 2 fluid ounces
• Extra large: 2.25 fluid ounces
• Jumbo: 2.5 fluid ounces

The most common size of chicken egg sold in grocery stores is large. However, you may find a mix of sizes in a typical carton of eggs. Organic and free-range eggs tend to be on the larger end of the range.

### Egg Size Variability

Keep in mind that there is natural variability in egg sizes, even within the same size category. For example, one large egg might have a volume of 1.9 fluid ounces while another is 2.1 fluid ounces. So the egg sizes provided by the USDA represent an average range.

## Measuring Cup Sizes

Like eggs, measuring cups also come in a range of sizes. The most common are:

• 1 cup = 8 fluid ounces
• 1/2 cup = 4 fluid ounces
• 1/3 cup = 2.67 fluid ounces
• 1/4 cup = 2 fluid ounces

The standard US measuring cup that is used for most recipes holds 8 fluid ounces. Measuring cup sets will often include cups of various fractions such as 1/3 cup or 1/4 cup. The 8 ounce cup is sometimes called a “legal cup” in the United States.

### International Cup Sizes

Measuring cups in countries outside the United States may hold different volumes. For example:

• Canada: 1 cup = 250 mL = 8.45 fluid ounces
• Australia: 1 cup = 250 mL = 8.45 fluid ounces
• UK: 1 cup = 284 mL = 9.6 fluid ounces

So if you are using a measuring cup from a country other than the US, keep in mind that the cup size may be slightly larger or smaller.

## Whole Eggs Per Cup Size

Now that we know the range of egg and cup sizes, we can estimate the number of whole eggs each cup size can hold:

Cup Size Volume Whole Eggs (Based on Large Egg = 2 fl oz)
1 cup 8 fl oz 4 eggs
3/4 cup 6 fl oz 3 eggs
2/3 cup 5.33 fl oz 2-3 eggs
1/2 cup 4 fl oz 2 eggs
1/3 cup 2.67 fl oz 1-2 eggs
1/4 cup 2 fl oz 1 egg

As you can see, the number of whole eggs per cup ranges from 1-5 eggs based on the cup size. A standard 1 cup measuring cup can hold 4-5 large eggs. Smaller cup sizes hold fewer eggs.

The above calculations assume a large egg size of 2 fluid ounces. If you adjust for different egg sizes, the numbers change slightly:

• Jumbo egg (2.5 oz): A standard 1 cup measuring cup holds about 3-4 jumbo eggs
• Medium egg (1.75 oz): A standard 1 cup measuring cup holds about 4-5 medium eggs
• Small egg (1.5 oz): A standard 1 cup measuring cup holds 5-6 small eggs

So for smaller eggs, you can fit more in a measuring cup. For larger jumbo eggs, a cup holds fewer eggs.

## Variables That Affect Egg Count

There are a few variables that can affect how many whole eggs actually fit in a measuring cup:

• Egg shape: Eggs are not perfectly uniform. Their shape can vary slightly, allowing more or fewer eggs to fit.
• Cracking method: If you crack eggs directly into the measuring cup, it allows eggs to settle into all available space. If you crack eggs in a bowl first, it may be harder to fit them in the cup.
• Cup shape: Some measuring cups slope inwards toward the top while others have straight sides. The shape affects how efficiently you can pack in eggs.
• Egg packing: If you carefully arrange the eggs, you may be able to fit more than randomly pouring them in.
• Beaten eggs: Beaten eggs incorporate air so they take up more volume in the cup.

So the actual number of eggs you can fit may be slightly more or less than these general estimates depending on how carefully you fill the cup.

## Weight of Eggs Per Cup

We’ve looked at estimates for volume, but what about weight? The weight of eggs per cup depends on the size of the eggs:

• Large eggs: 4-5 large eggs in a cup is about 9-11 ounces total
• Extra large eggs: 4 extra large eggs is about 12 ounces
• Jumbo eggs: 3-4 jumbo eggs is about 11-14 ounces

As you can see, a cup of eggs weighs between 9-14 ounces depending on egg size. Cracking eggs directly into a measuring cup allows you to measure the weight and volume at the same time.

## Summary

So in summary, the number of whole eggs a cup holds can vary based on several factors:

• Egg size (jumbo vs. small)
• Measuring cup size (1 cup vs. 1/2 cup)
• Shape and packing of the eggs
• Cracking method (in bowl vs. direct to cup)

On average, a standard 1 cup measuring cup can hold 4-5 large whole eggs. Smaller cup sizes hold fewer eggs. The total weight ranges from 9-14 ounces depending on the size of the eggs.

To get an exact number of eggs per cup, your best bet is to crack the eggs directly into the measuring cup. This will allow you to see first-hand how many fit based on your particular eggs and measuring cup.

### Cooking Equivalents

Knowing approximately how many eggs fit in cup measurements is useful for cooking. Here are some common recipe substitutions:

• 3 eggs = about 1/2 cup
• 4 eggs = about 2/3 cup
• 5 eggs = about 3/4 cup
• 6 eggs = about 1 cup

These equivalents can help you adapt recipes if you don’t have exactly the right number of eggs on hand. Keep in mind that cup measurements are not perfectly precise since egg sizes vary. But it provides a good ballpark estimate for cooking.

## Cracking and Beating Eggs in a Measuring Cup

If you want to know exactly how many eggs fit in a particular cup, the best way is to crack the eggs directly into the measuring cup.

### Tips for Cracking Eggs into a Measuring Cup

• Spray the cup with cooking spray first to help the eggs slide out easier later.
• Crack one egg at a time into the cup, being careful not to break the yolk.
• Aim to crack the egg in the center of the cup.
• Let each egg settle to the bottom before adding the next.
• Gently shake the cup between each egg to help settle it into any open space.
• Add eggs until you reach the volume markings on the cup.

Cracking eggs individually gives you more control than breaking all at once into a bowl. Just go slowly and let each egg settle before adding the next.

### Beating Eggs in a Measuring Cup

You can also beat eggs right inside a liquid measuring cup. Just crack the eggs into the cup, then use a fork to vigorously mix the eggs until blended and frothy.

When beating eggs into a measuring cup:

• Make sure not to overfill the cup or the eggs may spill out when mixing.
• Tap the bottom of the cup on the counter to pop any air bubbles.
• Use a spatula to scrape down the sides of the cup to fully blend the eggs.
• Rinse the cup immediately after pouring out the beaten eggs to make washing easier.

Beating eggs in a measuring cup allows you to seamlessly combine cracking and mixing without dirtying extra bowls. Just be sure not to fill the cup too high or you may have a mess on your hands!

## Common Uses for Eggs in Measuring Cups

There are many reasons you may need to know how many eggs fit in a measuring cup. Here are some of the most common uses:

• Baking: Ingredients like cakes, cookies, muffins, and breads often call for eggs measured in cups. Cracking eggs into a measuring cup allows you to scale the quantity as needed.
• Substituting eggs: If you run short of eggs for baking, you can use the measuring cup to add the right amount of egg substitute like chia seeds, flaxseed, banana, or applesauce.
• Making custard: Egg custards like crème brûlée or flan require precision. Cracking eggs into a measuring cup helps ensure accuracy.
• Mixing eggs for scrambling or omelets: You can beat eggs right in the measuring cup before cooking.
• Making egg wash: Egg washes for baking often call for 1 or 2 eggs whisked with water or milk. You can mix the egg wash right in a measuring cup.

Using a measuring cup to crack and mix eggs is a handy kitchen technique for recipes that call for volume measurements or beating. With practice, you’ll be able to eyeball the right cup size for the number of eggs you need.

### Why do some recipes call for eggs by volume instead of counts?

There are a few reasons recipes may specify egg amounts by volume (cups, fractions, etc.) rather than counts:

• It provides an approximation if you don’t have an exact number of eggs
• Volume works better for scaling recipes up or down
• It accounts for variability in egg sizes (jumbo vs. small)
• Some old recipes were developed using volume measures

Specifying eggs by volume gives flexibility in case you don’t have the exact number on hand. It also allows easier scaling for larger or smaller batches of a recipe.

### Can you use egg substitutes when a recipe calls for eggs by volume?

Yes, in most cases you can substitute egg replacements when a recipe specifies volume instead of counts. Some common substitutions are:

• 1/4 cup unsweetened applesauce = 1 egg
• 1 tablespoon ground flax or chia seeds mixed with 3 tablespoons water = 1 egg
• 1/4 cup mashed banana = 1 egg
• 1/4 cup aquafaba (chickpea liquid) = 1 egg

Try to match the volume measurements when you substitute. So if a recipe calls for 1/2 cup of eggs (about 4 eggs), use 1/2 cup of your desired egg substitute. This will help ensure the right moisture and binding.

### Can you freeze eggs in a measuring cup?

It’s not recommended to freeze raw eggs in a measuring cup. Glass and plastic measuring cups can easily crack or warp. For freezing eggs:

• Crack eggs into a freezer-safe container leaving room for expansion.
• Gently scramble or whisk the eggs before freezing.
• Label the container with the number and date.
• Thaw eggs overnight in the fridge before using.

Frozen eggs are best for baking, cooking, and scrambling after thawing. The texture changes with freezing, so they may not work as well for dishes like fried eggs or omelets.

### How long do eggs last in the shell or mixed in a cup?

In the shell, unwashed eggs can last 3-5 weeks in the refrigerator. Washed eggs will keep for 2-4 weeks. For mixed eggs:

• Whole eggs beaten or whipped: 2-4 days in the fridge
• Egg whites: 4 days refrigerated
• Egg yolks: 2-3 days refrigerated

Keep eggs refrigerated at 40°F or below. Use clean utensils and containers. Discard eggs if they have an off odor or appearance. An airtight container helps maximize freshness.

## Conclusion

Determining egg counts by volume instead of whole eggs gives flexibility in recipes. An average large egg is about 2 fluid ounces. In a standard 8 ounce measuring cup, this means you can expect to fit 4-5 large whole eggs. The actual amount may vary based on egg size, shape, packing, and cup size.

For the most accuracy, crack eggs directly into a measuring cup to see firsthand how many fit. Beating eggs in a measuring cup also makes for easy mixing and portioning. Just be careful not to overfill when whipping. With some trial and error, you’ll get a feel for approximately how many eggs your favorite recipes require.