It depends on the type of polymerization reaction that is being undertaken and the number of monomers that are present in the reaction. Generally speaking, each water molecule is produced when an entire molecule of monomer is joined together to form a polymer.
For example, if two monomers are joined together in an addition polymerization reaction, then two water molecules will be released during the process. When two monomers are joined in a condensation reaction, then one water molecule will be produced per molecule of monomer.
Thus, the exact number of water molecules released during a particular polymerization reaction will depend on the particular ingredients being used and the type of polymerization reaction being undertaken.
How many molecules of water are released during the polymerization of a 25 unit long cellulose molecule?
Assuming that a single cellulose molecule is made up of repeating glucose monomers, the polymerization of a 25 unit long cellulose molecule would result in the release of 24 molecules of water, as each glycosidic bond formed between monomers requires one molecule of water.
Thus, if 25 monomers are joined to form a single cellulose molecule, 24 glycosidic bonds would be formed and 24 molecules of water released in the process.
How many molecules of water will be released if three monomers combine to form a polymer?
This will depend on how the three monomers are linked to form the polymer, but assuming the bonds are all covalent and that the three monomers are linked in a linear chain the total number of molecules of water released would be two.
The molecules join up by the removal of two molecules of water, one each from the two monomers on either side of the bond. Therefore, for each bond between the monomers, two molecules of water must be removed.
In total, for three monomers creating an unbranched polymer, there would be two bonds creating a total of two water molecules.
How many h2o molecules needed to polymerize 22 monomers?
The precise number of H2O molecules needed to polymerize 22 monomers will depend on the type of polymerization process being used. Generally speaking, polymerization involves the joining of monomer molecules to form larger molecules or polymers through a series of chemical reactions.
In most cases, a catalyst is required to catalyze the polymerization reaction, and the catalysts are often specific to each type of polymerization process. Therefore, the exact number of H2O molecules required will depend on the catalyst and the reaction conditions used.
Generally speaking, more H2O molecules will be required the higher the temperature, so the exact number of H2O molecules needed for the polymerization of 22 monomers will be difficult to accurately estimate without knowing the specific reaction conditions and catalyst used.
How many water molecules were produced in the synthesis of the protein?
The exact number of water molecules produced in the synthesis of a protein will depend on the size and complexity of the protein being synthesized, as well as any other factors that could influence the amount of water required in its synthesis.
Generally speaking, however, it can be estimated that for every amino acid that is incorporated into the protein structure, two water molecules are generated as a result of dehydration synthesis. As proteins are made of amino acids, the total number of water molecules generated in the synthesis of a protein can be determined by multiplying the number of amino acids in the protein by two.
How many molecules of h2o are formed?
The number of molecules of H2O formed depends on the amount of hydrogen and oxygen atoms that combine to form the water molecule. For example, if 4 H atoms and 2 O atoms combine, then 4 molecules of H2O are formed.
If 8 H atoms and 4 O atoms combine, then 8 molecules of H2O are formed. Generally speaking, for every 2 hydrogen atoms and 1 oxygen atom that combine, 1 molecule of H2O is formed.
Is water produced in polymerization?
No, water is not produced in polymerization. Polymerization is a process in which two or more small molecules join together to form a larger, more complex molecule. These smaller molecules are known as monomers and the larger molecules formed from them are called polymers.
The process usually requires an initiator molecule, such as oxygen or UV radiation, and a catalyst like a base or an acid. The reaction often needs heat and/or pressure, and it can be either reversible or irreversible.
Depending on the reaction conditions and monomers used, different polymers can be created. Water is not produced as part of the polymerization process, though some products of the reaction may be water-soluble.
How many molecules are in one drop of water?
The number of molecules in one drop of water depends on the size of the drop and the physical properties of the water itself. The density of water is about 1 gram per milliliter, and one mole of water contains 6.
02 x 1023 molecules, so one drop (roughly 0. 05 milliliters) of water contains approximately 3 x 1013 molecules. While this is an estimate, it is impossible to calculate the exact number of molecules in one drop as the size of each drop can differ.
What is 10 molecules of water called?
10 molecules of water would be called a “Decamole” (or “deca- mole”) of water. A mole is a scientific unit used to measure the amount of a substance; it is defined as the amount of a substance that contains Avogadro’s number (6.
02×10^23) particles such as atoms, molecules, and ions. Therefore, 10 moles of water would be equal to 6. 02×10^24 molecules of water. This is the same as one decamole of water.
Does protein synthesis produce water?
No, protein synthesis does not produce water. Protein synthesis is the process through which amino acids are joined together to form proteins. The process of protein synthesis happens in the cell and involves several steps, that are catalyzed by enzymes.
During the process, smaller molecules like amino acids and nitrogen-containing molecules are combined into larger molecules like proteins. The process does not produce water as a by-product, but rather creates ATP (adenosine triphosphate) molecules as energy.
ATP is needed in the cell for energy and the breakdown of molecules. Water is a by-product of some reactions in the body, such as the process of Glycolosis, which breaks down glucose molecules to produce ATP.
How many h2o are produced in the electron transport chain?
The electron transport chain (ETC) is a series of biochemical reactions that take place within the mitochondria of cells. During this process, electrons are transferred from molecules such as NADH and FADH2 to oxygen molecules.
As ATP is generated, protons are also pumped across the mitochondrial membrane. This electro-chemical gradient is used to transport ADP and Pi into the mitochondria, generating ATP. As a result of the ATP production, two molecules of H2O are formed.
Thus, two molecules of H2O are produced in the electron transport chain for every one molecule of ATP that is created.
Which 3 molecules make up the monomer?
The three molecules that make up the monomer are monosaccharides, amino acids, and nucleotides. Monosaccharides are the most simple of sugar molecules and are the building blocks for larger carbohydrates, such as starch and cellulose.
Amino acids are organic compounds consisting of a basic amino group, an acidic carboxyl group, and a carbon side chain that is also known as a “R” group. These molecules make up proteins, enzymes, and other biological molecules.
Lastly, nucleotides are molecules composed of a nitrogenous base (adenine, guanine, cytosine, or thymine), a five-carbon sugar (ribose), and one or more phosphate groups. These molecules make up DNA and RNA.
Together, these three molecules form the monomer – the building block of all polymers.
Which 3 form polymers and what are their monomers?
Three common polymers and their monomers are polyethylene, polypropylene and polystyrene. Polyethylene is a polyolefin polymer made up of the monomer ethylene. Polypropylene is a thermoplastic polymer made up of the monomer propylene.
Polystyrene is a styrene-based plastic polymer containing the monomer styrene. All three polymers are used in products ranging from clothing and textiles, to packaging and storage solutions, to construction and automotive products.
What are the 3 groups of polymers?
The three groups of polymers are thermoplastics, thermosets, and elastomers.
Thermoplastics are polymers that can be heated and reshaped multiple times without losing their chemical and physical properties. These polymers are used in many industrial and consumer products, such as plastic bottles, toys, and containers.
Thermosets are a type of polymer that cannot be remolded once it has been cured. These polymers are cross-linked into a three-dimensional mesh, which makes them more resistant to heat and chemical damage.
They have a variety of applications, such as aircraft and automotive parts, adhesives, and coatings.
Elastomers are polymers that are elastic and can be stretched out and then snap back to their original shape. These polymers are used to make tires, rubber bands, and hoses. They are also used in specialized products such as medical implants, gaskets, and shoes.
How are polymers joined together?
There are a variety of ways of joining polymers together, depending on the material and the application. Generally, most polymers can be joined together with either mechanical means (fasteners, tapes, adhesives) or chemical means (solvent welding, chemical bonding agents).
Mechanical methods of joining polymers include heat-staking, mechanical fasteners, tapes and adhesives. Heat-staking is a method of joining polymers by melting one of the pieces in a specific spot, which binds the pieces together when cooled.
Examples of the use of mechanical fasteners are snap-fit connections, whereby plastic pieces are kept together by the compression of the plastic material. Tape and adhesives are composed of a pressure-sensitive synthetic adhesive on a backing and usually come in the form of a roll or strip.
Common examples of pressure-sensitive adhesives are double-sided adhesive tapes and spray adhesives.
Chemical methods of joining polymers include solvent welding and chemical bonding agents. Solvent welding is a form of joining polymers that uses solvents to chemically weld thermoplastics together. During solvent welding, the pieces of the plastic are clamped into position while a solvent is applied to the joint, softened the joining area and fusing the two pieces together.
Chemical bonding agents are polymeric molecules that join polymers together by forming a covalent bond between two polymers. Common chemical bonding agents are anionic and cationic surfactants and they are typically used to bind polymer blends together.