In the United States House of Representatives, the Constitution requires that a majority vote is needed to pass a bill. A simple majority is achieved when more than half of the voting members vote in favor of the bill.
This means that out of the 435 members of the House, 218 votes are needed in order to pass a bill.
In the rare instances in which an extremely thin majority or “supermajority” is needed to pass a bill, this must be specified by law. There are some instances when a two-thirds majority or “supermajority” is required, such as to amend the Constitution or to override a veto.
In these cases, 290 votes are needed to pass a bill.
It is also important to note that in some circumstances, a simple majority may not be sufficient. In the case of a bill that raises revenue, for instance, the US Constitution requires a “Congressional Budget Act of 1974 majority,” which requires that at least a majority of those actually voting in the House must vote in favor of the bill.
In this situation, even if all members of the House of Representatives vote, at least 218 votes will still be needed to pass the bill.
How many Senate votes does it take to pass a bill?
In order to pass a bill, it typically requires a majority of two-thirds or sixty seven votes in the Senate, assuming all 100 senators are present and voting. This means that a minimum of sixty seven “yes” votes are needed for it to pass.
This is outlined in the U. S. Constitution, under Article 1, Section 5 which states: “Each House shall determine the Rules of its Proceedings, punish its Members for disorderly Behaviour, and, with the Concurrence of two thirds, expel a Member”.
The only exception is if a budget resolution is passed, which only requires a majority of 51 votes. Additionally, if a bill is filibustered, at least 60 votes are needed to end the debate and move forward with a vote.
If a senator moves to invoke cloture and cut off debate, the vote is still limited to the 67 needed to pass. In the event of a tie, the Vice President acts as the tie-breaker vote.
Do you need a simple majority to pass a bill?
Yes, in most legislative bodies, a simple majority is needed to pass a bill. This means that more than half of the voting members must vote in favor of the bill in order for it to be approved. Depending on the size of the legislative body, this can be as few as 51 out of 100 votes in the US Senate, or as many as two-thirds of the votes in some state legislatures.
Generally speaking, any vote that does not receive the simple majority needed to pass the bill will fail.
What is the 60 vote rule in the Senate?
The 60 vote rule in the Senate is a procedural rule that requires the Senate to reach a three-fifths supermajority of 60 votes before any cloture motion is invoked. Cloture is an official procedure used to bring an end to debate so a vote can be taken on a particular subject.
This rule makes it increasingly more difficult for the Senate to pass bills without some form of bipartisan support. This means that simply having a majority of 51 votes is not enough to end debate in the Senate and pass a bill.
This ensures that both sides of the aisle have to come to some agreement in order to pass any major legislation. This rule has its roots in the Senate Standing Rules, which state that a cloture motion must receive the support of at least three-fifths of the Senate, known as the “Three-Fifths Rule”.
This means that any bill (or nomination) must receive at least 60 yes votes in order to be given the green light by the Senate. Without this rule, it would be possible to pass any bill or nomination by simply having a majority of the votes.
Is 50% a simple majority?
No, 50% is not a simple majority. A simple majority is defined as a number greater than 50%, usually meaning at least 51% of a group. This measure of proportion is often used in elections in order to determine the winning candidate or idea.
In cases where more than two options exists, an absolute majority is required, meaning at least 50% of the total plus one votes must be obtained in order to achieve a valid majority.
What is a 2 3 majority vote?
A 2 3 majority vote is a voting process whereby two out of three people must agree on an outcome in order for it to pass. The two people must agree before the 3rd person can cast their vote, making this process more difficult than a simple majority vote requiring just over 50% of the vote to pass.
This voting system is used in a variety of situations, usually when the stakes are higher than 50/50. It is common in certain governing bodies, including the United Nations Security Council, where unanimous agreement is necessary before any action can be taken.
It is also commonly used in business situations, such as the approval of contracts or major decisions. In this case, two people must agree that an outcome is correct before the 3rd person can cast their vote, reducing the likelihood that an important decision is made without the full approval of all parties involved.
How much of a vote is needed for a bill to pass?
The amount of votes needed for a bill to pass depends on the type of legislative body voting and the majority required in order to pass. For example, in the United States Congress, the majority required to pass a bill is usually 50% plus 1.
This means that for a bill to pass the United States House of Representatives and United States Senate, it typically needs 218 and 51 votes respectively. However, depending on the type of voting procedure and the type of appropriation bill, different rules can apply.
Some bills, like a joint resolution or concurrent resolution, may only require a simple majority which is 50% of the votes plus one. Additionally, in some cases, in order to pass an appropriation bill, the majority required is two-thirds.
If there are any changes that are agreed upon by the two houses, they must agree exactly in order for the bill to pass.
How long does a bill take to pass?
The amount of time it takes for a bill to pass depends on many factors. Generally speaking, the process can take anywhere from a few days to several months. The faster a bill passes, the more likely it is that it is non-controversial and has a broad degree of support.
In the United States, there are a few steps a bill needs to go through before it officially passes. If it starts in the House of Representatives, the bill needs to be approved by the House and then sent to the Senate.
The bill then needs to get approval from the Senate before it is sent to the President, who has the option to sign it into law or veto it. If the President chooses to veto the bill, it will then need to be overridden by a 2/3 majority in the House and Senate in order to become a law.
It also depends on the period when the bill is being considered. If the legislature is in session and actively considering a bill, it may take only a few weeks for it to get introduced, debated and voted on.
But if the legislature is finishing up its session, it may take longer as bills that are not seen as urgent may be delayed.
In some cases, it may also take several months if the bill is controversial and divides legislators. In these cases, the Congress may need additional time to debate it, commit it to a committee, or amend it in order to have it reach a point of consensus.
Overall, the most important factor in the speed of a bill’s journey is the degree of support it has. The more popular the topic, the easier it will be for the bill to pass quickly.
Can the Senate pass a bill without the House?
No, the Senate cannot pass a bill without the House. Under the United States Constitution, legislation must originate from the House of Representatives and be approved by both the House and Senate before it can be sent to the President for their signature.
This is known as the process of bicameralism, which ensures that both legislative chambers can review and debate legislation and represent the interests of their constituents. Even if the Senate approves of a bill, the House must still consider, debate, and vote on it before it can become law.
How a bill gets to the floor?
Once a bill is introduced in Congress, it goes through a series of steps in order to reach the floor, or the part of the chamber that a vote can take place. After a bill is introduced, it may be referred to a committee for review and markup, where it can be discussed, debated, and amended.
Once the committee approves the bill, it is then sent back to the House or Senate for approval. At this point, motions can be made to have the bill voted on by the full House or Senate before it reaches the floor.
Once the motion to vote on the bill is approved, the bill is put on the agenda, with a schedule for debate and voting. Finally, the bill reaches the floor and is voted on by all members of the House and Senate.
If the bill is passed, it then goes to the president to be signed into law.
What are the 4 methods of voting for a bill on the floor of the House?
The four methods of voting for a bill on the floor of the House of Representatives in the United States are Voice Vote, Division Vote, Roll Call Vote, and Unrecorded Vote.
Voice Vote: This is a simple majority voting method, where the presiding office will call for all those in favor of the bill to voice out “yea” and those in opposition “nay. ” The presiding office will then assess the results and make a call on the outcome.
Division Vote: A division vote is a method in which members of the House who support the bill stand while the members who oppose the bill remain in their seats. The House Clerk then calls the roll and the list of members standing is used in assessing the result of the vote.
Roll Call Vote: During a roll call vote, each member of the House casts their vote individually by responding “yea” or “nay” and having their vote recorded by the clerk. The names are then called in alphabetical order, and their responses are tallied.
Unrecorded Vote: An unrecorded vote is similar to a voice vote, however, no attempt is made to count the individual yea and nay votes. The presiding office simply declares the opinion of the majority in the House.
How and when a bill reaches the floor of the House is decided by the?
The process of a bill reaching the floor of the House is largely determined by the House Majority Leader or their designees. Once a bill has been introduced and had its initial readings, it is then referred to a committee for further review and debate.
If the committee decides it should proceed, it then moves to the calendar of bills and resolutions on the floor of the House.
The timing of when a bill reaches the floor of the House can depend on a variety of factors. The majority leadership team works with the committees to identify which bills should be considered, including prioritizing bills they believe have relatively broad support.
The House can choose to waive certain procedural rules, usually with approval from the House Rules Committee so that certain bills can proceed more quickly. The House will also take into account other factors, such as the amount of remaining legislative time before Congress adjourns for the year.
Ultimately, bills reach the floor of the House when the majority leadership believes the bill is likely to have broad support and the timing is appropriate. Arguments for or against a particular bill can be made on the floor during debate, but the timing and scheduling of which bills should reach the floor is uniquely up to the discretion of the majority leadership team.
What is the minimum number of members of the House needed to pass a bill quizlet?
In order for a bill to pass in the House of Representatives, it must receive a majority vote. This means that at least 218 members of the House must vote in favor for the bill for it to pass. The exact number of votes needed will vary depending on the size of the House.
As of 2021, the House of Representatives has 433 members*, meaning the minimum number of members of the House needed to pass a bill is 218.
*Source: United States House of Representatives, “Membership of the 116th Congress: A Profile” (accessed May 2021) https://history.house.gov/Institution/Membership/116/
What are 3 methods of voting on a bill?
The three main methods of voting on a bill are: voice vote, roll call, and division vote.
A voice vote is the fastest method for voting on a bill in which members of the assembly call out their vote, usually in the forms of “ayes” or “nays”. The Speaker of the assembly then tallies the votes and announces the outcome.
A roll call vote is a more formal, slower process than a voice vote. Each member’s name is called off and they state their vote aloud. This method is also known as a “division of the house”.
The final method, a division vote, is the most formal process and is used when the outcome of a voice or roll call vote is uncertain. In this method, members are asked to physically stand in a row of ayes and nays to show their vote.
When all members have declared their vote, either side will be declared the winner.
What are the 3 types of voting?
There are three main types of voting: direct voting, indirect voting, and referendums.
Direct voting is when citizens are able to directly vote for a candidate or policy via a ballot in an election or poll. This system allows the people to directly participate in the political process and is used by most democracies around the world.
Indirect voting is when citizens elect representatives to choose on their behalf. This method is sometimes referred to as a representative democracy and is primarily used in countries with a large population size.
In this type of system, citizens will vote to elect members of a particular state or national legislature, and the elected representatives will go on to cast their votes in support of certain policies or candidates.
Referendums are votes held to decide on certain issues of national or state importance. People are asked to vote yes or no on a particular topic or question that affects the country, state or locality in which they live.
This type of voting allows citizens to directly decide on certain issues, such as whether or not to adopt a new law, create a tax increase, or approve a constitutional amendment.
Overall, the three main types of voting are direct voting, indirect voting, and referendums. Depending on the political system, particular countries or regions might use one of these methods or a combination of these methods to determine public policy or elect public officials.