How many pints of liquid are in a gallon?

There are 8 pints in every gallon. This is a standard conversion that is useful to know when cooking, mixing drinks, calculating fuel economy, and any time you need to convert between gallons and pints. Knowing how many pints are in a gallon allows you to easily scale recipe ingredients, measure out correct amounts of gasoline or other liquids, and perform many other useful conversions.

What is a gallon?

A gallon is a unit of volume used to measure liquids. One gallon is equal to 4 quarts or 8 pints. The gallon used commonly in the United States is the U.S. customary gallon, which is equal to approximately 3.785 liters. The U.S. customary gallon is based on the earlier British imperial gallon, which is approximately 4.546 liters. The imperial gallon is still used as the standard unit of measure for liquids in the United Kingdom today. Other countries such as Canada have their own versions of the gallon as well.

The standard U.S. gallon is used to measure the volumes of liquids like milk, juice, oil, paint, and chemicals. It’s also used to measure the capacity of fuel tanks like those in cars, trucks, and other vehicles. The gallon has been an official unit of measurement in the U.S. since the 19th century.

What is a pint?

A pint is another unit of volume used to measure liquids. A U.S. customary pint is exactly half a quart or 1⁄8 of a gallon. This means that there are exactly 8 pints in every gallon. The U.S. customary pint is equal to approximately 0.473 liters. Like gallons, pints are commonly used to measure volumes of liquids like milk, beer, juice, and gasoline.

Pints are a useful subdivision of the gallon that allow for more precise measurement of smaller amounts of liquids. For example, while you may buy milk by the gallon, recipes often call for ingredients like milk or cream in cup or pint measurements. Alcoholic beverages like beer or wine are also often served in pint and half-pint glasses in bars and restaurants.

The 8 pints in a gallon conversion

Because a gallon contains 4 quarts and there are 2 pints in every quart, there are 8 pints in every gallon. This relationship makes conversions easy to remember and perform between gallons and pints. To convert gallons to pints, simply multiply the number of gallons by 8. For example:

1 gallon x 8 pints/gallon = 8 pints

2 gallons x 8 pints/gallon = 16 pints

To convert pints to gallons, divide the number of pints by 8. For example:

8 pints / 8 pints/gallon = 1 gallon

16 pints / 8 pints/gallon = 2 gallons

Being able to quickly convert between gallons and pints is handy any time you need to scale ingredient measurements up or down. It’s also useful when determining the total capacity of a container measured in gallons if you know its size in pints, or vice versa.

Real-world examples

Here are some real-world examples that demonstrate when it’s useful to know that there are 8 pints in every gallon:

  • Cooking/baking – A recipe calls for 2 gallons of milk, so you know you will need 2 x 8 = 16 pints of milk.
  • Mixing drinks – A cocktail recipe is listed in pints but you only have gallon containers of the ingredients. You can easily convert pints to gallons.
  • Gasoline – Many fuel efficiency ratings are listed as miles per gallon (MPG). Converting gallons to pints allows you to also calculate MP8 (miles per 8 pints).
  • Container capacity – A tank holds 16 pints of liquid. You can calculate that it holds 16 / 8 = 2 gallon capacity.
  • Shopping – Comparing prices listed in pints vs gallons requires converting units using the 8 pints per gallon conversion.

Why are there 8 pints in a gallon?

The reason there are 8 pints in every gallon goes back to the definition of the pint and gallon units. Gallons and pints are part of a larger system of English units used in both the imperial and U.S. customary measurement systems. The precise volumes were defined based on easily fractioned subdivisions related to the base units.

Specifically, the gallon was set as the volume occupied by 10 pounds of water at 62°F. This volume was then subdivided into 4 quarts, 8 pints, and 16 cups. The pint was defined as exactly 1⁄8 of this gallon volume. Since the gallon contains four quarts and the quart contains two pints, this works out cleanly to 8 pints per gallon.

The pint itself was based on a common volume measure used in earlier English units. So the gallon and pint volumes were defined in relation to each other to allow for easy conversion between different units of volume measurement. This relationship has endured over time and is still used today in the United States customary system of units.

How pint and gallon sizes vary between systems

While the U.S. customary and imperial systems both contain gallons divided into 8 pints, the precise volumes of the gallon and pint differ between the two systems. The imperial pint is approximately 20% larger than the U.S. customary pint. Here’s how the gallon and pint sizes compare:

Unit U.S. Customary Volume Imperial Volume
Gallon 3.785 liters 4.546 liters
Pint 473 milliliters 568 milliliters

So while both systems contain 8 pints per gallon, an imperial gallon is about 20% larger than a U.S. gallon. This means an imperial pint is also 20% larger the a U.S. customary pint.

The different sizes reflect the different definitions of the gallon historically used in the British imperial system versus the U.S. customary system. The U.S. customary gallon was originally based on the British wine gallon before the definitions were changed in the imperial system. This is why the U.S. gallon is smaller than the modern imperial gallon.

Converting between U.S. and imperial gallons

The difference in gallon sizes means you need to take care when converting between U.S. and imperial gallons. Since the imperial gallon is larger, 1 imperial gallon is equal to approximately 1.2 U.S. gallons. To convert between the sizes:

  • Imperial gallons x 1.2 = U.S. gallons
  • U.S. gallons x 0.833 = Imperial gallons

For pints, you would multiply or divide by 1.2 to convert between U.S. and imperial pints. Since both systems contain 8 pints per gallon, these conversions can also be applied when converting between imperial and U.S. pints.

Gallon equivalents of other volume units

In the U.S. customary system, there are also 8 fluid ounces in a cup, 2 cups in a pint, and 2 pints in a quart. This means a gallon is equivalent to:

  • 4 quarts
  • 8 pints
  • 16 cups
  • 128 fluid ounces

Knowing these equivalents can help when converting between different units of fluid volume, such as converting a recipe measurement from cups to gallons or ounces to pints. The handy “8 pints per gallon” conversion acts as a bridge between the different denominations of volume within the interrelated U.S. customary units.

Gallon equivalents in metric units

The U.S. customary gallon can also be converted to metric units like liters and milliliters. However, metric conversions result in decimal values instead of even fractions. Some approximate equivalents are:

  • 1 gallon is approximately 3.79 liters
  • 1 liter is approximately 0.26 gallons
  • 1 gallon is approximately 3,785 milliliters
  • 1 milliliter is approximately 0.000264 gallons

So while metric conversions are not as clean as conversions between customary units, you can still convert between gallons and metric units like liters and milliliters. This allows you to convert gallons to metric units which may be more convenient for scientific, medical, or engineering applications.

Converting gallons to cubic inches or feet

Gallons can also be converted to cubic inches or feet, which are volume units in the U.S. customary system of measures:

  • 1 U.S. gallon = 231 cubic inches
  • 1 cubic inch = 0.004329 gallons
  • 1 U.S. gallon = 0.1337 cubic feet
  • 1 cubic foot = 7.481 gallons

These cubic equivalents are useful to know when working with dimensions and capacities in construction, engineering, and industrial applications.

Approximate gallons for common liquid containers

Knowing rough gallon values for everyday liquid containers can also be handy for quick mental math:

  • 12 fl oz soda can = 0.25 gallons
  • 16 fl oz water bottle = 0.33 gallons
  • 64 fl oz juice bottle = 0.5 gallons
  • 32 fl oz Gatorade = 0.25 gallons
  • 1.5 liter soda bottle = 0.4 gallons
  • 750 ml wine bottle = 0.2 gallons

So next time you pick up one of these containers, you can make a reasonable estimate of its size in gallons.

Gallons to pints conversion table

For easy reference, here is a conversion table showing gallon and pint equivalents:

Gallons Pints
1 8
2 16
3 24
4 32
5 40
6 48
7 56
8 64
9 72
10 80

Use this handy reference table any time you need to quickly convert between gallons and pints.

How to measure out gallons or pints precisely

While knowing conversions is useful, when actually measuring out gallons or pints you need containers graduated in these units to measure liquids accurately.

To precisely measure gallons, use containers marked with gallon gradations like gallon milk jugs or gallons of distilled water. For smaller amounts, graduated pitchers can measure out quarts and cups.

To measure pints accurately, use a graduated container marked in pints or fluid ounces. For instance, measuring cups designed for bartending often have pint, cup, and ounce markings. Graduated beakers or measuring cups can also measure pints precisely for applications like science experiments or laboratory work.

For maximum accuracy, use containers calibrated by the manufacturer like laboratory grade glassware. You can also calibrate containers yourself using a digital scale to weigh out gallon or pint equivalents of water at a known density.

Using gallon and pint equivalents

While gallon and pint conversion factors allow you to calculate equivalent amounts, sometimes it’s more convenient to measure using container sizes that match the units. Here are some examples:

  • Substitute 1 gallon milk jug = 8 pints
  • Add 4 pint-sized beer glasses = half gallon
  • Mix 8 pint-sized containers = 1 gallon
  • Fill up 1 gallon gas can = 8 pints of fuel

So when precision isn’t as important, substitute gallon and pint container sizes for quick and easy measuring.

Digital tools for gallon and pint conversions

There are also many digital conversion tools that can instantly convert between gallons and pints:

  • Online conversion calculators
  • Apps for iOS and Android
  • Smart home assistants by voice command
  • Conversion features built into search engines

So for effortless gallon to pint conversions, use a digital assistant. Say “Hey Siri, how many pints are in 2 gallons?” and you’ll immediately get the answer without having to remember the conversion factor.


There are 8 pints in every gallon—this simple conversion underpins many real-world volume measurement applications. From cooking ingredients to fuel economy to container volumes, knowing that a gallon contains 8 pints allows for easy conversions between these common liquid units. While the imperial and U.S. customary systems use different gallon definitions, both contain 8 pints per gallon. Memorizing the basic equivalents, using conversion tables, and utilizing graduated containers allows you to easily convert between gallons and pints any time the need arises.

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